Difference between revisions of "United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)"

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This series presents MFN (Most Favored Nation) and effectively applied import tariff rates for major categories of non-agricultural and non-fuel products by individual country (as market economy) and economic grouping (as origin), expressed in various aggregation measure
 
This series presents MFN (Most Favored Nation) and effectively applied import tariff rates for major categories of non-agricultural and non-fuel products by individual country (as market economy) and economic grouping (as origin), expressed in various aggregation measure
  
| style="width:322px;height:140px;" | <br/>
+
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 +
The tariff rate applied to imports based on the MFN rate. Broken down by Manufactured goods, ores, and metals; ores and metals; manufactured goods; chemical products; machinery and transport equipment; and other manufactured goods.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The same exists for effectively applied rates.
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
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Total and per capita
 
Total and per capita
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | GDP and GDP per capita
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This is only the current account component of the BoP.
 
This is only the current account component of the BoP.
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | This table provides information on the current account net, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of GDP.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This series includes real and nominal exchange rates
 
This series includes real and nominal exchange rates
  
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | There are three exchange rate series of interest: Nominal Effective Exchange Rate: The nominal effective exchange rate against a basket of currencies; Real Effective Exchange Rate based on CPI: a real effective exchange rate index in 2005 and based on CPI; and Real Effective Exchange Rates deflated by GDP.
 
|-
 
|-
 
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&nbsp;This series includes the latest Consumer Price index
 
&nbsp;This series includes the latest Consumer Price index
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | This table provides information on consumer price indices (CPI) with base year 2000 and 2005 and, in addition, annual growth rate indicator.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This series includes both Inward and Outward FDI
 
This series includes both Inward and Outward FDI
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | This table contains information on foreign direct investment (FDI) inward and outward flows and stock, expressed in millions of dollars. These figures correspond to the Statistical Annexes of the UNCTAD<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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Personal remittances in millions of dollars
 
Personal remittances in millions of dollars
  
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | This table presents time series on receipts and payments of personal remittances in millions of dollars. These data are also shown as percentage of exports (receipts) and imports (payments) of goods and services, and as percentage of GDP.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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Total and Urban population
 
Total and Urban population
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | This table provides estimates from 1950 to 2015 and projections from 2016 to 2050 (Medium Variant), of total population and urban population, expressed in thousands and as a percentage of total population, respectively.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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Labor force and agricultural labor force
 
Labor force and agricultural labor force
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" | Labour force by sex (total and female), and broken down by Agriculture sector and all sectors. Available in both absolute and as a percentage of female labour force.
 
|-
 
|-
 
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Free market commodity prices annual The weights used in the construction of the indices represent the relative values of commodity exports from developing countries for the period 1999-2001.
 
Free market commodity prices annual The weights used in the construction of the indices represent the relative values of commodity exports from developing countries for the period 1999-2001.
  
| style="width:322px;height:100px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:100px;" | Not by country, but by commodity. This table has UNCTAD free-market commodity price indices are Laspeyres-type with the base year 2000.
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This table contains the two Core Indicators on International trade defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development. The first of these Core Indicators is the share of ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports, while the second Core Indicator is the share of ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports, for every economy for which this information is available in the UN COMTRADE database. For information on the Partnership, please consult: [http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/intlcoop/partnership/default.aspx http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/intlcoop/partnership/default.aspx]. For each economy and for both trade flows, the table provides the associated Core Indicator, as well as the value in absolute ($) term of the ICT trade flow
 
This table contains the two Core Indicators on International trade defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development. The first of these Core Indicators is the share of ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports, while the second Core Indicator is the share of ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports, for every economy for which this information is available in the UN COMTRADE database. For information on the Partnership, please consult: [http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/intlcoop/partnership/default.aspx http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/intlcoop/partnership/default.aspx]. For each economy and for both trade flows, the table provides the associated Core Indicator, as well as the value in absolute ($) term of the ICT trade flow
  
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+
| style="width:322px;height:380px;" | This table contains the two&nbsp;''Core Indicators''&nbsp;on International trade defined by the&nbsp;''Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development''. The first of these Core Indicators is the share of ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports, while the second Core Indicator is the share of ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This table contains statistics on two core indicators of the ICT producing sector: the proportion (%) of total business sector workforce involved in the ICT sector, and value added in the ICT sector as a percentage of total business sector value added
 
This table contains statistics on two core indicators of the ICT producing sector: the proportion (%) of total business sector workforce involved in the ICT sector, and value added in the ICT sector as a percentage of total business sector value added
  
| style="width:322px;height:120px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:120px;" | This table contains statistics on two core indicators of the ICT producing sector: the proportion (%) of total business sector workforce involved in the ICT sector, and value added in the ICT sector as a percentage of total business sector value added.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of creative goods by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as&nbsp;percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region.&nbsp;
 
This table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of creative goods by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as&nbsp;percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region.&nbsp;
  
| style="width:322px;height:180px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:180px;" | This table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of creative goods by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as&nbsp;percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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This table provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of creative goods.&nbsp;
 
This table provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of creative goods.&nbsp;
  
| style="width:322px;height:60px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:60px;" | This table provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of creative goods.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
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+
| nowrap="nowrap" style="width:35px;height:140px;" |  
 
19
 
19
 
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Values and shares of creative services in trade (export and import)
 
 
| style="width:322px;height:20px;" |
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
 
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|-
 
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20
 
  
 
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In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of royalties and license fees (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.
 
In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of royalties and license fees (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.
  
| style="width:322px;height:140px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:140px;" | In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of royalties and license fees (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| nowrap="nowrap" style="width:35px;height:160px;" |  
 
| nowrap="nowrap" style="width:35px;height:160px;" |  
21
+
20
  
 
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In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of computer and information services (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.&nbsp;
 
In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of computer and information services (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.&nbsp;
  
| style="width:322px;height:160px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:160px;" | In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table&nbsp;presents exports and imports of computer and information services (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| nowrap="nowrap" style="width:35px;height:220px;" |  
 
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22
+
21
  
 
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This table shows statistics on the international maritime transport. It contains data on the size of the world merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship. Data are presented in thousands of dead-weight tons (DWT). The table presents also, for each region or country 1) its share in the world fleet, and 2) the share of a ship-type in its fleet. From 2011 onwards, the figures on numbers of ships are also available, as well as the data in gross tonnage (GT).&nbsp;
 
This table shows statistics on the international maritime transport. It contains data on the size of the world merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship. Data are presented in thousands of dead-weight tons (DWT). The table presents also, for each region or country 1) its share in the world fleet, and 2) the share of a ship-type in its fleet. From 2011 onwards, the figures on numbers of ships are also available, as well as the data in gross tonnage (GT).&nbsp;
  
| style="width:322px;height:220px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:220px;" | This table shows statistics on the international maritime transport. It contains data on the size of the world merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship. Data are presented in thousands of dead-weight tons (DWT). The table presents also, for each region or country 1) its share in the world fleet, and 2) the share of a ship-type in its fleet.<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
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23
+
22
  
 
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This table shows estimates of the merchant fleet demolished between 1 January and 31 December of a given year.
 
This table shows estimates of the merchant fleet demolished between 1 January and 31 December of a given year.
  
| style="width:322px;height:60px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:60px;" | This table shows estimates of the merchant fleet demolished between 1 January and 31 December of a given year. Only available between 2014-2015<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| nowrap="nowrap" style="width:35px;height:80px;" |  
 
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24
+
23
  
 
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This table shows data on the world seaborne trade by types of cargo, by country groups and by regions. Data are presented in millions of tons.
 
This table shows data on the world seaborne trade by types of cargo, by country groups and by regions. Data are presented in millions of tons.
  
| style="width:322px;height:80px;" | <br/>
+
| style="width:322px;height:80px;" | This table shows data on the world seaborne trade by types of cargo, by country groups and by regions. Data are presented in millions of tons.<br/>
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 21:28, 14 December 2016

UNCTAD is a permanent intergovernmental body established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1964. UNCTAD monitors international trade patterns, and aims to help developing economies access the benefits of the globalized economy more fairly and effectively. The statistics division of UNCTAD publishes data on various topics such as international trade, investment patterns in goods and services, economic trends, foreign direct investment, external finance resources, populations and labor force, commodities etc.[1]

Data source and availability

Data from UNCTAD and the related metadata is available here- http://unctadstat.unctad.org/EN/Index.html

This data is compiled in accordance with the UNCTAD statistics handbook that is published annually.[2] Data is published by UNCTAD annually. Commodity price data is released on a monthly basis. The trade matrix is updated twice a year, in May and September and trade indicator data is updated in June and October. The FDI data is updated every July. All data is presented in current US dollars.[3]

The export and import data published by UNCTAD are not symmetrical in all cases. This is because of the following reasons,

  • Time of recording: It takes time to transport the goods. If the goods were shipped in December and arrived in January, the exports will be recorded in last year and imports will be in current year.
  • Valuation: Imports are normally valued by adding insurance and freight to the value of the goods, but exports are not (only value of the goods). Therefore, normally, imports are always higher than exports
  • Coverage, inclusion / exclusion of certain goods: Countries have different treatment on the inclusion and exclusion of goods (even though there is an international recommendation for this).
  • Partner country attribution: The known exports destination at the time of exportation may not be where the goods go finally. The famous example is trade among Canada - USA - Mexico. The final destination of Mexican exports are sometimes unknown, so recording USA as destination, may be misleading, if the final destination is Canada (or vice-versa). However, Canada would record imports from Mexico as the country of origin.[4]

 

In certain cases the FDI data is negative. This is because data on FDI flows are presented on net basis (capital transactions' credits less debits between direct investors and their foreign affiliates). Net decreases in assets or net increases in liabilities are recorded as credits (positive), while net increases in assets or net decreases in liabilities are recorded as debits (negative). Hence, FDI flows with a negative sign indicate that at least one of the three components of FDI is negative and not offset by positive amounts of the remaining components. These are called reverse investment or disinvestment.[5]

Series available

Sr. no

Series

Notes[6]

Description

1

Trade trends data

This series includes trade data for goods and service trade. Compiled in accordance with guidelines in BPM6[7]

Volume growth rates of mechandise exports and imports; 

Total trade and share of merchandise trade


Total trade growth rates of merchandise trade

Trade and  growth rates by service-category

Exports and import totals and growth rates of services (available for BPM5 and BPM6)

Goods and services, exports and imports totals (available for BPM5 and BPM6)

2

Merchandise trade matrix

Bilateral trade data for goods by actor and trading partner

This table presents merchandise trade by trading partner and product based on SITC, Rev.3 commodity classification (the most detailed level is two digit), expressed in thousands of dollars. In addition, data are also summarized by geographical region and economic grouping, for both reporting country and its trading partner, and by product grouping

3

Service trade data

Exports and imports by service category, value, shares and growth

This table provides the latest available figures on quarterly services exports and imports of individual countries, in millions of dollars. Data are available for total services and four main sub-categories: goods-related services, transport, travel and other services. Commercial services, which exclude government goods and services but cover all other categories, are presented as a memo item. Relevant year-on-year growth rates are also shown.
 
The quarterly trade in services statistics presented follow the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition (BPM6) classification. 
 
The statistics presented are the result of the common work of UNCTAD, World Trade Organization (WTO) and International Trade Center (ITC). 

4

Goods and services trade balance indicators

Trade balance is defined as the difference between exports f.o.b. and imports f.o.b. expressed in millions of dollars. Normalized trade balance of goods and services is defined as the trade balance (total exports less total imports) divided by the total trade (exports plus imports). 

This table is a compilation of statistics of trade in goods and services as reported in the Balance of Payments. The conceptual framework used for the compilation is based on the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition(BPM6).

5

Most favored nation (MFN) and effectively applied import tariff rates on non-agricultural and non-fuel products, annual, 1988 - 2014
  

This series presents MFN (Most Favored Nation) and effectively applied import tariff rates for major categories of non-agricultural and non-fuel products by individual country (as market economy) and economic grouping (as origin), expressed in various aggregation measure

The tariff rate applied to imports based on the MFN rate. Broken down by Manufactured goods, ores, and metals; ores and metals; manufactured goods; chemical products; machinery and transport equipment; and other manufactured goods.


The same exists for effectively applied rates.

6

Gross domestic Product

Total and per capita

GDP and GDP per capita

7

Balance of payments

This is only the current account component of the BoP.

This table provides information on the current account net, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of GDP.

8

Exchange rates

This series includes real and nominal exchange rates

There are three exchange rate series of interest: Nominal Effective Exchange Rate: The nominal effective exchange rate against a basket of currencies; Real Effective Exchange Rate based on CPI: a real effective exchange rate index in 2005 and based on CPI; and Real Effective Exchange Rates deflated by GDP.

9

Inflation rates

 This series includes the latest Consumer Price index

This table provides information on consumer price indices (CPI) with base year 2000 and 2005 and, in addition, annual growth rate indicator.

10

Foreign Direct Investments

This series includes both Inward and Outward FDI

This table contains information on foreign direct investment (FDI) inward and outward flows and stock, expressed in millions of dollars. These figures correspond to the Statistical Annexes of the UNCTAD

11

Migrant's remittances

Personal remittances in millions of dollars

This table presents time series on receipts and payments of personal remittances in millions of dollars. These data are also shown as percentage of exports (receipts) and imports (payments) of goods and services, and as percentage of GDP.

12

Population

Total and Urban population

This table provides estimates from 1950 to 2015 and projections from 2016 to 2050 (Medium Variant), of total population and urban population, expressed in thousands and as a percentage of total population, respectively.

13

Labor force

Labor force and agricultural labor force

Labour force by sex (total and female), and broken down by Agriculture sector and all sectors. Available in both absolute and as a percentage of female labour force.

14

Commodity Prices

Free market commodity prices annual The weights used in the construction of the indices represent the relative values of commodity exports from developing countries for the period 1999-2001.

Not by country, but by commodity. This table has UNCTAD free-market commodity price indices are Laspeyres-type with the base year 2000.

15

Share of ICT goods as a % of total trade

This table contains the two Core Indicators on International trade defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development. The first of these Core Indicators is the share of ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports, while the second Core Indicator is the share of ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports, for every economy for which this information is available in the UN COMTRADE database. For information on the Partnership, please consult: http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/intlcoop/partnership/default.aspx. For each economy and for both trade flows, the table provides the associated Core Indicator, as well as the value in absolute ($) term of the ICT trade flow

This table contains the two Core Indicators on International trade defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development. The first of these Core Indicators is the share of ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports, while the second Core Indicator is the share of ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports.

16

ICT producing sector core indicators, annual,

This table contains statistics on two core indicators of the ICT producing sector: the proportion (%) of total business sector workforce involved in the ICT sector, and value added in the ICT sector as a percentage of total business sector value added

This table contains statistics on two core indicators of the ICT producing sector: the proportion (%) of total business sector workforce involved in the ICT sector, and value added in the ICT sector as a percentage of total business sector value added.

17

Values and shares of creative goods in trade (export and import)

This table presents exports and imports of creative goods by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region. 

This table presents exports and imports of creative goods by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region.

18

Concentration index of creative goods

This table provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of creative goods. 

This table provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of creative goods.

19

International trade in related services: Royalties and license fees)

In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table presents exports and imports of royalties and license fees (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.

In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table presents exports and imports of royalties and license fees (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.

20

International trade in related services: Computer and information, annual, 

In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table presents exports and imports of computer and information services (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade. 

In the context of trade in services related to creative economy, this table presents exports and imports of computer and information services (including their sub-components), for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.

21

Merchant fleet by flag of registration and type of ship annual

This table shows statistics on the international maritime transport. It contains data on the size of the world merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship. Data are presented in thousands of dead-weight tons (DWT). The table presents also, for each region or country 1) its share in the world fleet, and 2) the share of a ship-type in its fleet. From 2011 onwards, the figures on numbers of ships are also available, as well as the data in gross tonnage (GT). 

This table shows statistics on the international maritime transport. It contains data on the size of the world merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship. Data are presented in thousands of dead-weight tons (DWT). The table presents also, for each region or country 1) its share in the world fleet, and 2) the share of a ship-type in its fleet.

22

Ship scrapping

This table shows estimates of the merchant fleet demolished between 1 January and 31 December of a given year.

This table shows estimates of the merchant fleet demolished between 1 January and 31 December of a given year. Only available between 2014-2015

23

World seaborne trade

This table shows data on the world seaborne trade by types of cargo, by country groups and by regions. Data are presented in millions of tons.

This table shows data on the world seaborne trade by types of cargo, by country groups and by regions. Data are presented in millions of tons.

Series used in EconDash

Series Name
Definition
Source
Units
BOP (Percentage of Gross Domestic Product)
Balance of Payments as a percent of GDP

UNCTAD

Percentage
Number of products (Exports)
A count of products exported by a country
UNCTAD
Unit
Number of Products (Imports)
A count of products imported by a country
UNCTAD
Unit
Concentration Index (Exports)
An index of concentrations of products exported; a zero indicates many products, a 1 indicates few products
UNCTAD
Index
Concentration Index (Imports)
An index of concentrations of products imported; a zero indicates many products, a 1 indicates few products
UNCTAD
Index
Diversification Index (Exports)
An index of diversification of goods exported relative to the world; a 1 indicates greater divergence from the world pattern; a 0 indicates little divergence from the world pattern
UNCTAD
Index
Diversification Index (Imports)
An index of diversification of goods imported relative to the world; a 1 indicates greater divergence from the world pattern; a 0 indicates little divergence from the world pattern
UNCTAD
Index
Real effective exchange rate indices (GDP deflator based)
Real Effective Exchange Rate deflated by GDP with 2005 as the base year
UNCTAD
Index (Base 2005)
Real effective exchange rate (CPI based)
Real Effective Exchange Rate deflated by CPI; with 2005 as the base year
UNCTAD
Index (Base 2005)
Nominal Effective Exchange Rate
Nominal Effective Exchange based on 2000 dollars
UNCTAD
Index (Base 2000)

Series used in IFs 

DataDict 720
Table Group Definition Source Last IFs Update UsedInPreprocessor Years
SeriesXFDIInwardFlows Economic Foreign direct investment, inward flows UNCTAD STAT website 2011/12 No
SeriesXFDIInwardStock Economic Foreign direct investment, inward stock UNCTAD STAT website 2011/12 No
SeriesXFDIOutwardFlows Economic Foreign direct investment, outward flows UNCTAD STAT website 2011/12 No
SeriesXFDIOutwardStock Economic Foreign direct investment, outward stock UNCTAD STAT website 2011/12 No


Instructions for Pulling Raw Data

  1. Go to http://unctadstat.unctad.org/
  2. Navigate to the data center page
  3. In the data center bring up the series you wish to collect.
  4. Click “Economy” and then check all the boxes using the top left check mark
  5. Click show table
  6. Download the csv version of the data; the excel version of this data is excel 3 Version locked and cannot be used

References 

  1. Refer to “About UNCTAD” <http://unctad.org/en/Pages/statistics.aspx>
  2. UNCTAD statistics handbook is available here://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=1414
  3. Refer to UNCTAD FAQ <http://unctadstat.unctad.org/EN/Documentation.html>
  4. Refer to UNCTAD statistics handbook, data descriptions
  5. Refer to UNCTAD statistics handbook, data definitions
  6. This column describes definitions and content of various datasets. These definitions are available at the UNCTAD data center metadata page.
  7. BPM6 here refers to the Balance of payments and International Investment Position manual 6th edition issued by the IMF.