At the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures, our mission is to explore, understand and shape alternative futures of global change and human development. As part of this pursuit, we have built the International Futures (IFs) model, the most sophisticated and comprehensive forecasting modeling system available to the public. IFs uses our best understanding of global systems to produce forecasts for 186 countries to the year 2100.

Our team, based at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver, works with organizations around the world who share our interest in long-term, integrated analysis of development, security, and sustainability issues.

Click the links below to learn more about our work.


What is IFs?

What is IFs?

International Futures (IFs) is a computer program that models development for 186 countries across a wide range of systems.  You can use the software to explore how countries and regions have developed in the past, how we expect them to grow and change in the future, and what might happen due to policy choices or possible disruptive events.

IFs interconnects the following systems within and across each country:

  • Agriculture
  • Economy
  • Education
  • Energy
  • Environment
  • Governance
  • Health
  • International Politics
  • Population
  • Technology

Who uses IFs?

A growing number of governments, international governmental organizations, academic institutions, corporations, non-government organizations, and individual researchers and students use IFs, including:

What makes IFs unique?

  • IFs is free and available to everyone.
  • IFs is open source. Anyone may use and improve the model code.
  • IFs is transparent. Users can easily access the model structure.
  • IFs is integrated. The model demonstrates how multiple global systems impact each other.
  • IFs is comprehensive. It can be used to forecast conditions globally, regionally, and for 186 countries up to the year 2100.

All of this makes IFs the most comprehensive quantitative forecasting system made publically available in the world.

2019 - 2020 Year in Review

Read our 2019 - 2020 Annual Review to learn more about our team's latest work and accomplishments.

Read the review.


In August 2021, Pardee Center Director Jonathan Moyer and Research Associate Collin Meisel presented at the Strategic Multilayer Assessment (SMA) speaker series.

Pardee Center Research Associate Collin Meisel speaks to Denver's 9News about why a country's strong economy doesn't always translate into more Olympic medals. View the story here.

Contact Us

The Frederick S. Pardee Center
for International Futures

Josef Korbel School of International Studies
University of Denver

Anna and John J. Sié
International Relations Complex
2201 South Gaylord Street
Denver, CO 80208


Apply to Work with Us!