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Short and formal names Membership within the <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_System" title="United Nations System">UN System</a> <a href="#cite_note-2">[Note 1]</a> Sovereignty dispute <a href="#cite_note-3">[Note 2]</a> Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty <a href="#cite_note-5">[Note 3]</a>
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZ↓ <a href="/wiki/Member_states_of_the_United_Nations" title="Member states of the United Nations">UN member states</a> or <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_observers" title="United Nations General Assembly observers">observer states</a> ↓ A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → <a href="#Abkhazia">Abkhazia</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Afghanistan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Afghanistan.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Afghanistan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Afghanistan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Afghanistan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Afghanistan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Afghanistan" title="Afghanistan">Afghanistan</a> – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A <a href="/wiki/Member_states_of_the_United_Nations" title="Member states of the United Nations">UN member state</a> A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/36/Flag_of_Albania.svg/21px-Flag_of_Albania.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/36/Flag_of_Albania.svg/32px-Flag_of_Albania.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/36/Flag_of_Albania.svg/42px-Flag_of_Albania.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="700" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Albania" title="Albania">Albania</a> – Republic of Albania A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svg/23px-Flag_of_Algeria.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svg/35px-Flag_of_Algeria.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svg/45px-Flag_of_Algeria.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Algeria" title="Algeria">Algeria</a> – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Andorra.svg/22px-Flag_of_Andorra.svg.png" width="22" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Andorra.svg/33px-Flag_of_Andorra.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Andorra.svg/43px-Flag_of_Andorra.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="700"> <a href="/wiki/Andorra" title="Andorra">Andorra</a> – Principality of Andorra A UN member state A None Andorra is a <a href="/wiki/Diarchy" title="Diarchy">co-principality</a> in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the <a href="/wiki/President_of_France" title="President of France">French president</a> and the bishop of the Roman Catholic <a href="/wiki/Roman_Catholic_Diocese_of_Urgell" title="Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell">diocese of Urgell</a>,<a href="#cite_note-6">[2]</a> who himself is appointed by the <a href="/wiki/Holy_See" title="Holy See">Holy See</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9d/Flag_of_Angola.svg/23px-Flag_of_Angola.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9d/Flag_of_Angola.svg/35px-Flag_of_Angola.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9d/Flag_of_Angola.svg/45px-Flag_of_Angola.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Angola" title="Angola">Angola</a> – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg/23px-Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg/35px-Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg/45px-Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="690" data-file-height="460"> <a href="/wiki/Antigua_and_Barbuda" title="Antigua and Barbuda">Antigua and Barbuda</a> A UN member state A None Antigua and Barbuda is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a><a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> with 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Barbuda" title="Barbuda">Barbuda</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a><a href="#cite_note-9">[3]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Flag_of_Argentina.svg/23px-Flag_of_Argentina.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Flag_of_Argentina.svg/35px-Flag_of_Argentina.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Flag_of_Argentina.svg/46px-Flag_of_Argentina.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Argentina" title="Argentina">Argentina</a> – Argentine Republic<a href="#cite_note-10">[Note 6]</a> A UN member state A None Argentina is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Provinces_of_Argentina" title="Provinces of Argentina">23 provinces and 1 autonomous city</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Flag_of_Armenia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Armenia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Flag_of_Armenia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Armenia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Flag_of_Armenia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Armenia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Armenia" title="Armenia">Armenia</a> – Republic of Armenia A UN member state Not recognized by <a href="#Pakistan">Pakistan</a><a href="#cite_note-11">[4]</a><a href="#cite_note-12">[5]</a><a href="#cite_note-13">[6]</a> See <a href="/wiki/Armenia%E2%80%93Pakistan_relations" title="Armenia–Pakistan relations">Armenia–Pakistan relations</a> and <a href="/wiki/Nagorno-Karabakh_conflict" title="Nagorno-Karabakh conflict">Nagorno-Karabakh conflict</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/b9/Flag_of_Australia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Australia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/b9/Flag_of_Australia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Australia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/b9/Flag_of_Australia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Australia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1280" data-file-height="640"> <a href="/wiki/Australia" title="Australia">Australia</a> – Commonwealth of Australia A UN member state A None Australia is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a><a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> and a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_and_territories_of_Australia" title="States and territories of Australia">six states and 10 territories</a>. The external territories of Australia are:
  •  <a href="/wiki/Ashmore_and_Cartier_Islands" title="Ashmore and Cartier Islands">Ashmore and Cartier Islands</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Australian_Antarctic_Territory" title="Australian Antarctic Territory">Australian Antarctic Territory</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/67/Flag_of_Christmas_Island.svg/23px-Flag_of_Christmas_Island.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/67/Flag_of_Christmas_Island.svg/35px-Flag_of_Christmas_Island.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/67/Flag_of_Christmas_Island.svg/46px-Flag_of_Christmas_Island.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Christmas_Island" title="Christmas Island">Christmas Island</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flag_of_the_Cocos_%28Keeling%29_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Cocos_%28Keeling%29_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flag_of_the_Cocos_%28Keeling%29_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Cocos_%28Keeling%29_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flag_of_the_Cocos_%28Keeling%29_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Cocos_%28Keeling%29_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Cocos_(Keeling)_Islands" title="Cocos (Keeling) Islands">Cocos (Keeling) Islands</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Coral_Sea_Islands_Territory" title="Coral Sea Islands Territory" class="mw-redirect">Coral Sea Islands Territory</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Heard_Island_and_McDonald_Islands" title="Heard Island and McDonald Islands">Heard Island and McDonald Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Norfolk_Island.svg/23px-Flag_of_Norfolk_Island.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Norfolk_Island.svg/35px-Flag_of_Norfolk_Island.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Norfolk_Island.svg/46px-Flag_of_Norfolk_Island.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="920" data-file-height="460"> <a href="/wiki/Norfolk_Island" title="Norfolk Island">Norfolk Island</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_Austria.svg/23px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_Austria.svg/35px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_Austria.svg/45px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Austria" title="Austria">Austria</a> – Republic of Austria A UN member state A None Member of the European Union.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> Austria is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Austria" title="States of Austria">nine states</a> (Bundesländer).
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Azerbaijan" title="Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> – Republic of Azerbaijan A UN member state A None Azerbaijan contains two autonomous regions, <a href="/wiki/Nakhchivan_Autonomous_Republic" title="Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic">Nakhchivan</a> and <a href="/wiki/Nagorno-Karabakh" title="Nagorno-Karabakh">Nagorno-Karabakh</a> (Dağlıq Qarabağ).<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a> In <a href="#Nagorno-Karabakh">Nagorno-Karabakh</a>, <a href="/wiki/List_of_states_with_limited_recognition" title="List of states with limited recognition">a de facto state</a> has been established.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/The_Bahamas" title="The Bahamas">Bahamas, The</a> – Commonwealth of the Bahamas A UN member state A None The Bahamas is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Flag_of_Bahrain.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bahrain.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Flag_of_Bahrain.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bahrain.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Flag_of_Bahrain.svg/46px-Flag_of_Bahrain.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1500" data-file-height="900"> <a href="/wiki/Bahrain" title="Bahrain">Bahrain</a> – Kingdom of Bahrain A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg/46px-Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Bangladesh" title="Bangladesh">Bangladesh</a> – People's Republic of Bangladesh A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Flag_of_Barbados.svg/23px-Flag_of_Barbados.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Flag_of_Barbados.svg/35px-Flag_of_Barbados.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Flag_of_Barbados.svg/45px-Flag_of_Barbados.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1500" data-file-height="1000"> <a href="/wiki/Barbados" title="Barbados">Barbados</a> A UN member state A None Barbados is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/85/Flag_of_Belarus.svg/23px-Flag_of_Belarus.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/85/Flag_of_Belarus.svg/35px-Flag_of_Belarus.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/85/Flag_of_Belarus.svg/46px-Flag_of_Belarus.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Belarus" title="Belarus">Belarus</a> – Republic of Belarus A UN member state A None Belarus forms the <a href="/wiki/Union_State" title="Union State">Union State</a> jointly with <a href="/wiki/Russia" title="Russia">Russia</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg/23px-Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg/35px-Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg/45px-Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Belgium" title="Belgium">Belgium</a> – Kingdom of Belgium A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> Belgium is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> divided into <a href="/wiki/Communities,_regions_and_language_areas_of_Belgium" title="Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium">linguistic communities and regions</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Flag_of_Belize.svg/23px-Flag_of_Belize.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Flag_of_Belize.svg/35px-Flag_of_Belize.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Flag_of_Belize.svg/45px-Flag_of_Belize.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Belize" title="Belize">Belize</a> A UN member state A None Belize is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Benin.svg/23px-Flag_of_Benin.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Benin.svg/35px-Flag_of_Benin.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Benin.svg/45px-Flag_of_Benin.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Benin" title="Benin">Benin</a> – Republic of Benin<a href="#cite_note-15">[Note 7]</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/91/Flag_of_Bhutan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bhutan.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/91/Flag_of_Bhutan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bhutan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/91/Flag_of_Bhutan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Bhutan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Bhutan" title="Bhutan">Bhutan</a> – Kingdom of Bhutan A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Bolivia.svg/22px-Flag_of_Bolivia.svg.png" width="22" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Bolivia.svg/34px-Flag_of_Bolivia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Bolivia.svg/44px-Flag_of_Bolivia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1100" data-file-height="750"> <a href="/wiki/Bolivia" title="Bolivia">Bolivia</a> – Plurinational State of Bolivia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg/46px-Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina" title="Bosnia and Herzegovina">Bosnia and Herzegovina</a> A UN member state A None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg/46px-Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Federation_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina" title="Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina">Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Flag_of_Republika_Srpska.svg/23px-Flag_of_Republika_Srpska.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Flag_of_Republika_Srpska.svg/35px-Flag_of_Republika_Srpska.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Flag_of_Republika_Srpska.svg/46px-Flag_of_Republika_Srpska.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Republika_Srpska" title="Republika Srpska">Republika Srpska</a>

and <a href="/wiki/Br%C4%8Dko_District" title="Brčko District">Brčko District</a>, a self-governing administrative unit.<a href="#cite_note-Stjepanovi.C4.872015-16">[8]</a>

<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_Botswana.svg/23px-Flag_of_Botswana.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_Botswana.svg/35px-Flag_of_Botswana.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_Botswana.svg/45px-Flag_of_Botswana.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Botswana" title="Botswana">Botswana</a> – Republic of Botswana A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Brazil.svg/22px-Flag_of_Brazil.svg.png" width="22" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Brazil.svg/33px-Flag_of_Brazil.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Brazil.svg/43px-Flag_of_Brazil.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="720" data-file-height="504"> <a href="/wiki/Brazil" title="Brazil">Brazil</a> – Federative Republic of Brazil A UN member state A None Brazil is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Brazil" title="States of Brazil">26 states and 1 federal district</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Flag_of_Brunei.svg/23px-Flag_of_Brunei.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Flag_of_Brunei.svg/35px-Flag_of_Brunei.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Flag_of_Brunei.svg/46px-Flag_of_Brunei.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1440" data-file-height="720"> <a href="/wiki/Brunei" title="Brunei">Brunei</a> – Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg/46px-Flag_of_Bulgaria.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Bulgaria" title="Bulgaria">Bulgaria</a> – Republic of Bulgaria A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg/23px-Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg/35px-Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg/45px-Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Burkina_Faso" title="Burkina Faso">Burkina Faso</a><a href="#cite_note-17">[Note 8]</a> A UN member state A None
Burma → <a href="#Myanmar">Myanmar</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Flag_of_Burundi.svg/23px-Flag_of_Burundi.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Flag_of_Burundi.svg/35px-Flag_of_Burundi.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Flag_of_Burundi.svg/46px-Flag_of_Burundi.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Burundi" title="Burundi">Burundi</a> – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Flag_of_Cambodia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cambodia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Flag_of_Cambodia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cambodia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Flag_of_Cambodia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Cambodia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="625" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Cambodia" title="Cambodia">Cambodia</a> – Kingdom of Cambodia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Flag_of_Cameroon.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cameroon.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Flag_of_Cameroon.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cameroon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Flag_of_Cameroon.svg/45px-Flag_of_Cameroon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Cameroon" title="Cameroon">Cameroon</a> – Republic of Cameroon A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/23px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/35px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/46px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Canada" title="Canada">Canada</a><a href="#cite_note-18">[Note 9]</a> A UN member state A None Canada is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a><a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> and a <a href="/wiki/Canadian_federalism" title="Canadian federalism">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Provinces_and_territories_of_Canada" title="Provinces and territories of Canada">10 provinces and three territories</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svg/46px-Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="510" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Cape_Verde" title="Cape Verde">Cape Verde</a> – Republic of Cabo Verde A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Central_African_Republic" title="Central African Republic">Central African Republic</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Flag_of_Chad.svg/23px-Flag_of_Chad.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Flag_of_Chad.svg/35px-Flag_of_Chad.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Flag_of_Chad.svg/45px-Flag_of_Chad.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Chad" title="Chad">Chad</a> – Republic of Chad A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/78/Flag_of_Chile.svg/23px-Flag_of_Chile.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/78/Flag_of_Chile.svg/35px-Flag_of_Chile.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/78/Flag_of_Chile.svg/45px-Flag_of_Chile.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1500" data-file-height="1000"> <a href="/wiki/Chile" title="Chile">Chile</a> – Republic of Chile A UN member state A None Chile has two "special territories" in the <a href="/wiki/Valpara%C3%ADso_Region" title="Valparaíso Region">Valparaíso Region</a>:
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Flag_of_Rapa_Nui%2C_Chile.svg/23px-Flag_of_Rapa_Nui%2C_Chile.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Flag_of_Rapa_Nui%2C_Chile.svg/35px-Flag_of_Rapa_Nui%2C_Chile.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Flag_of_Rapa_Nui%2C_Chile.svg/46px-Flag_of_Rapa_Nui%2C_Chile.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="640" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Easter_Island" title="Easter Island">Easter Island</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Juan_Fern%C3%A1ndez_Islands" title="Juan Fernández Islands">Juan Fernández Islands</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/China" title="China">China</a> – People's Republic of China<a href="#cite_note-ChinaTaiwan-19">[Note 10]</a> A UN member state <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_China#Countries_not_recognizing_the_People.27s_Republic_of_China" title="Foreign relations of China">Partially unrecognized</a>. B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, <a href="/wiki/Guangxi" title="Guangxi">Guangxi</a>, <a href="/wiki/Inner_Mongolia" title="Inner Mongolia">Inner Mongolia</a>, <a href="/wiki/Ningxia" title="Ningxia">Ningxia</a>, <a href="/wiki/Xinjiang" title="Xinjiang">Xinjiang</a> and <a href="/wiki/Tibet_Autonomous_Region" title="Tibet Autonomous Region">Tibet</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a> Additionally, it has sovereignty over the <a href="/wiki/Special_Administrative_Region_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China" title="Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">Special Administrative Regions</a> of:
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Flag_of_Hong_Kong.svg/23px-Flag_of_Hong_Kong.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Flag_of_Hong_Kong.svg/35px-Flag_of_Hong_Kong.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Flag_of_Hong_Kong.svg/45px-Flag_of_Hong_Kong.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Hong_Kong" title="Hong Kong">Hong Kong</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/63/Flag_of_Macau.svg/23px-Flag_of_Macau.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/63/Flag_of_Macau.svg/35px-Flag_of_Macau.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/63/Flag_of_Macau.svg/45px-Flag_of_Macau.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Macau" title="Macau">Macau</a>

China is not recognised by <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_the_Republic_of_China" title="Foreign relations of the Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">21</a> UN member states and the <a href="/wiki/Holy_See" title="Holy See">Holy See</a>, which instead recognise <a href="#Taiwan">Taiwan</a> (the Republic of China).<a href="#cite_note-20">[Note 11]</a>

China claims, but does not control, <a href="#Taiwan">Taiwan</a> which is governed by a rival administration.<a href="#cite_note-TAI2-21">[Note 12]</a>

China controls part of the territory of <a href="/wiki/Kashmir" title="Kashmir">Kashmir</a>, which is disputed by <a href="/wiki/India" title="India">India</a> and <a href="/wiki/Pakistan" title="Pakistan">Pakistan</a>.

China, Republic of → <a href="#Taiwan">Taiwan</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/Flag_of_Colombia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Colombia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/Flag_of_Colombia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Colombia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/Flag_of_Colombia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Colombia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Colombia" title="Colombia">Colombia</a> – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Comoros" title="Comoros">Comoros</a> – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None Comoros is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Politics_of_Comoros#Autonomous_islands" title="Politics of Comoros" class="mw-redirect">3 islands</a>.<a href="#cite_note-federal-22">[Note 13]</a><a href="#cite_note-23">[9]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg/20px-Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg.png" width="20" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg/31px-Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg/40px-Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo" title="Democratic Republic of the Congo">Congo, Democratic Republic of the</a><a href="#cite_note-24">[Note 14]</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Republic_of_the_Congo" title="Republic of the Congo">Congo, Republic of the</a><a href="#cite_note-25">[Note 15]</a> A UN member state A None
ZZZCook Islands → <a href="#Cook_Islands">Cook Islands</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg/35px-Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg/46px-Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Costa_Rica" title="Costa Rica">Costa Rica</a> – Republic of Costa Rica A UN member state A None
Côte d'Ivoire → <a href="#Ivory_Coast">Ivory Coast</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Flag_of_Croatia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Croatia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Flag_of_Croatia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Croatia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Flag_of_Croatia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Croatia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Croatia" title="Croatia">Croatia</a> – Republic of Croatia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Flag_of_Cuba.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cuba.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Flag_of_Cuba.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cuba.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Flag_of_Cuba.svg/46px-Flag_of_Cuba.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Cuba" title="Cuba">Cuba</a> – Republic of Cuba A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Cyprus.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cyprus.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Cyprus.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cyprus.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Cyprus.svg/45px-Flag_of_Cyprus.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Cyprus" title="Cyprus">Cyprus</a> – Republic of Cyprus A UN member state Not recognized by <a href="#Turkey">Turkey</a><a href="#cite_note-26">[10]</a> Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of <a href="#Northern_Cyprus">Northern Cyprus</a>. See <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Cyprus" title="Foreign relations of Cyprus">Foreign relations of Cyprus</a> and <a href="/wiki/Cyprus_dispute" title="Cyprus dispute">Cyprus dispute</a>. <a href="/wiki/Turkey" title="Turkey">Turkey</a> refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus".<a href="#cite_note-27">[11]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Czech_Republic" title="Czech Republic">Czech Republic</a><a href="#cite_note-28">[Note 16]</a> A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
Democratic People's Republic of Korea → <a href="#Korea_North">Korea, North</a> A UN member state A None
Democratic Republic of the Congo → <a href="#Congo.2C_Democratic_Republic_of_the">Congo, Democratic Republic of the</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Flag_of_Denmark.svg/20px-Flag_of_Denmark.svg.png" width="20" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Flag_of_Denmark.svg/31px-Flag_of_Denmark.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Flag_of_Denmark.svg/40px-Flag_of_Denmark.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="370" data-file-height="280"> <a href="/wiki/Denmark" title="Denmark">Denmark</a> – Kingdom of Denmark A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>

The <a href="/wiki/Danish_Realm" title="Danish Realm">Danish Realm</a> includes two self-governing territories:

  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3c/Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands.svg/21px-Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3c/Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands.svg/32px-Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3c/Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands.svg/41px-Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1100" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Faroe_Islands" title="Faroe Islands">Faroe Islands</a> (Føroyar/Færøerne)
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_Greenland.svg/23px-Flag_of_Greenland.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_Greenland.svg/35px-Flag_of_Greenland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_Greenland.svg/45px-Flag_of_Greenland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Greenland" title="Greenland">Greenland</a> (Kalaallit Nunaat/Grønland)

The designation "Denmark" can refer either to one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Flag_of_Djibouti.svg/23px-Flag_of_Djibouti.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Flag_of_Djibouti.svg/35px-Flag_of_Djibouti.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Flag_of_Djibouti.svg/45px-Flag_of_Djibouti.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Djibouti" title="Djibouti">Djibouti</a> – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Dominica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Dominica.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Dominica.svg/35px-Flag_of_Dominica.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Dominica.svg/46px-Flag_of_Dominica.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Dominica" title="Dominica">Dominica</a> – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Dominican_Republic" title="Dominican Republic">Dominican Republic</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Flag_of_East_Timor.svg/23px-Flag_of_East_Timor.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Flag_of_East_Timor.svg/35px-Flag_of_East_Timor.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Flag_of_East_Timor.svg/46px-Flag_of_East_Timor.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/East_Timor" title="East Timor">East Timor</a> – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste<a href="#cite_note-29">[Note 17]</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e8/Flag_of_Ecuador.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ecuador.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e8/Flag_of_Ecuador.svg/35px-Flag_of_Ecuador.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e8/Flag_of_Ecuador.svg/45px-Flag_of_Ecuador.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1440" data-file-height="960"> <a href="/wiki/Ecuador" title="Ecuador">Ecuador</a> – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Egypt.svg/23px-Flag_of_Egypt.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Egypt.svg/35px-Flag_of_Egypt.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Egypt.svg/45px-Flag_of_Egypt.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Egypt" title="Egypt">Egypt</a> – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg/23px-Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg.png" width="23" height="13" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg/35px-Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg/46px-Flag_of_El_Salvador.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1064" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/El_Salvador" title="El Salvador">El Salvador</a> – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg/23px-Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg/35px-Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg/45px-Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Equatorial_Guinea" title="Equatorial Guinea">Equatorial Guinea</a> – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/29/Flag_of_Eritrea.svg/23px-Flag_of_Eritrea.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/29/Flag_of_Eritrea.svg/35px-Flag_of_Eritrea.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/29/Flag_of_Eritrea.svg/46px-Flag_of_Eritrea.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Eritrea" title="Eritrea">Eritrea</a> – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8f/Flag_of_Estonia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Estonia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8f/Flag_of_Estonia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Estonia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8f/Flag_of_Estonia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Estonia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="990" data-file-height="630"> <a href="/wiki/Estonia" title="Estonia">Estonia</a> – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="720" data-file-height="360"> <a href="/wiki/Ethiopia" title="Ethiopia">Ethiopia</a> – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None Ethiopia is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Regions_of_Ethiopia" title="Regions of Ethiopia">nine regions and two chartered cities</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="760" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Federated_States_of_Micronesia" title="Federated States of Micronesia">Federated States of Micronesia</a> A UN member state A None Under <a href="/wiki/Compact_of_Free_Association" title="Compact of Free Association">Compact of Free Association</a> with the <a href="#United_States">United States</a>. The Federated States of Micronesia is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of four states.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Flag_of_Fiji.svg/23px-Flag_of_Fiji.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Flag_of_Fiji.svg/35px-Flag_of_Fiji.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Flag_of_Fiji.svg/46px-Flag_of_Fiji.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Fiji" title="Fiji">Fiji</a> – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Rotuma" title="Rotuma">Rotuma</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a><a href="#cite_note-30">[12]</a><a href="#cite_note-31">[13]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Finland.svg/23px-Flag_of_Finland.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Finland.svg/35px-Flag_of_Finland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Finland.svg/46px-Flag_of_Finland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1800" data-file-height="1100"> <a href="/wiki/Finland" title="Finland">Finland</a> – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Flag_of_%C3%85land.svg/23px-Flag_of_%C3%85land.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Flag_of_%C3%85land.svg/35px-Flag_of_%C3%85land.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Flag_of_%C3%85land.svg/46px-Flag_of_%C3%85land.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="520" data-file-height="340"> <a href="/wiki/%C3%85land_Islands" title="Åland Islands">Åland</a> is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a><a href="#cite_note-32">[Note 18]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svg/23px-Flag_of_France.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svg/35px-Flag_of_France.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svg/45px-Flag_of_France.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/France" title="France">France</a> – French Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> France contains five overseas regions/departments: <a href="/wiki/French_Guiana" title="French Guiana">French Guiana</a>, <a href="/wiki/Guadeloupe" title="Guadeloupe">Guadeloupe</a>, <a href="/wiki/Martinique" title="Martinique">Martinique</a>, <a href="/wiki/Mayotte" title="Mayotte">Mayotte</a>, and <a href="/wiki/R%C3%A9union" title="Réunion">Réunion</a>. France also includes the overseas territories of:
  •  <a href="/wiki/Clipperton_Island" title="Clipperton Island">Clipperton Island</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg/23px-Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg/35px-Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg/45px-Flag_of_French_Polynesia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/French_Polynesia" title="French Polynesia">French Polynesia</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Pro-Independence_Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg/23px-Pro-Independence_Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Pro-Independence_Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg/35px-Pro-Independence_Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Pro-Independence_Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg/46px-Pro-Independence_Flag_of_New_Caledonia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/New_Caledonia" title="New Caledonia">New Caledonia</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Saint_Barth%C3%A9lemy" title="Saint Barthélemy">Saint Barthélemy</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Collectivity_of_Saint_Martin" title="Collectivity of Saint Martin">Saint Martin</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Saint_Pierre_and_Miquelon" title="Saint Pierre and Miquelon">Saint Pierre and Miquelon</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Wallis_and_Futuna" title="Wallis and Futuna">Wallis and Futuna</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/French_Southern_and_Antarctic_Lands" title="French Southern and Antarctic Lands">French Southern and Antarctic Lands</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/Flag_of_Gabon.svg/20px-Flag_of_Gabon.svg.png" width="20" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/Flag_of_Gabon.svg/31px-Flag_of_Gabon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/Flag_of_Gabon.svg/40px-Flag_of_Gabon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="400" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Gabon" title="Gabon">Gabon</a> – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None
Gambia <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_The_Gambia.svg/23px-Flag_of_The_Gambia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_The_Gambia.svg/35px-Flag_of_The_Gambia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_The_Gambia.svg/45px-Flag_of_The_Gambia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/The_Gambia" title="The Gambia">Gambia, The</a> – Islamic Republic of the Gambia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_Georgia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Georgia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_Georgia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Georgia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_Georgia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Georgia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Georgia_(country)" title="Georgia (country)">Georgia</a> A UN member state A None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, <a href="/wiki/Adjara" title="Adjara">Adjara</a> and <a href="/wiki/Abkhazia" title="Abkhazia">Abkhazia</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a> In <a href="#Abkhazia">Abkhazia</a> and <a href="#South_Ossetia">South Ossetia</a>, de facto states have been formed.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/ba/Flag_of_Germany.svg/23px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/ba/Flag_of_Germany.svg/35px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/ba/Flag_of_Germany.svg/46px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Germany" title="Germany">Germany</a> – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> Germany is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Germany" title="States of Germany">16 federated states</a> (Länder).
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Ghana.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ghana.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Ghana.svg/35px-Flag_of_Ghana.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Ghana.svg/45px-Flag_of_Ghana.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Ghana" title="Ghana">Ghana</a> – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Flag_of_Greece.svg/23px-Flag_of_Greece.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Flag_of_Greece.svg/35px-Flag_of_Greece.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Flag_of_Greece.svg/45px-Flag_of_Greece.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Greece" title="Greece">Greece</a> – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> <a href="/wiki/Mount_Athos" title="Mount Athos">Mount Athos</a> is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.<a href="#cite_note-33">[14]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Grenada.svg/23px-Flag_of_Grenada.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Grenada.svg/35px-Flag_of_Grenada.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Grenada.svg/46px-Flag_of_Grenada.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="360"> <a href="/wiki/Grenada" title="Grenada">Grenada</a> A UN member state A None Grenada is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ec/Flag_of_Guatemala.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guatemala.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ec/Flag_of_Guatemala.svg/35px-Flag_of_Guatemala.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ec/Flag_of_Guatemala.svg/46px-Flag_of_Guatemala.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="960" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Guatemala" title="Guatemala">Guatemala</a> – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Flag_of_Guinea.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guinea.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Flag_of_Guinea.svg/35px-Flag_of_Guinea.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Flag_of_Guinea.svg/45px-Flag_of_Guinea.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Guinea" title="Guinea">Guinea</a> – Republic of Guinea<a href="#cite_note-34">[Note 19]</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau.svg/35px-Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau.svg/46px-Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Guinea-Bissau" title="Guinea-Bissau">Guinea-Bissau</a> – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_Guyana.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guyana.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_Guyana.svg/35px-Flag_of_Guyana.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_Guyana.svg/46px-Flag_of_Guyana.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Guyana" title="Guyana">Guyana</a> – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg/23px-Flag_of_Haiti.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg/35px-Flag_of_Haiti.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg/46px-Flag_of_Haiti.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Haiti" title="Haiti">Haiti</a> – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None
Holy See → <a href="#Vatican_City">Vatican City</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Flag_of_Honduras.svg/23px-Flag_of_Honduras.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Flag_of_Honduras.svg/35px-Flag_of_Honduras.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Flag_of_Honduras.svg/46px-Flag_of_Honduras.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Honduras" title="Honduras">Honduras</a> – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Flag_of_Hungary.svg/23px-Flag_of_Hungary.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Flag_of_Hungary.svg/35px-Flag_of_Hungary.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Flag_of_Hungary.svg/46px-Flag_of_Hungary.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Hungary" title="Hungary">Hungary</a> A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Flag_of_Iceland.svg/21px-Flag_of_Iceland.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Flag_of_Iceland.svg/32px-Flag_of_Iceland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Flag_of_Iceland.svg/42px-Flag_of_Iceland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="2500" data-file-height="1800"> <a href="/wiki/Iceland" title="Iceland">Iceland</a><a href="#cite_note-Republic-35">[Note 20]</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg/23px-Flag_of_India.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg/35px-Flag_of_India.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg/45px-Flag_of_India.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1350" data-file-height="900"> <a href="/wiki/India" title="India">India</a> – Republic of India A UN member state A None India is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_and_territories_of_India" title="States and territories of India" class="mw-redirect">29 states and seven union territories</a>. India claims the entire territory of <a href="/wiki/Kashmir" title="Kashmir">Kashmir</a> as one of its states, but only exercises control over part of it, while the rest is controlled by the <a href="/wiki/People%27s_Republic_of_China" title="People's Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">People's Republic of China</a> and <a href="/wiki/Pakistan" title="Pakistan">Pakistan</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Indonesia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Indonesia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Indonesia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Indonesia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Indonesia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Indonesia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Indonesia" title="Indonesia">Indonesia</a> – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None Indonesia has <a href="/wiki/Provinces_of_Indonesia" title="Provinces of Indonesia">five provinces</a> with official special autonomy status: <a href="/wiki/Aceh" title="Aceh">Aceh</a>, <a href="/wiki/Jakarta" title="Jakarta">Jakarta SCR</a>, <a href="/wiki/Yogyakarta_Special_Region" title="Yogyakarta Special Region" class="mw-redirect">Yogyakarta SR</a>, <a href="/wiki/Papua_(province)" title="Papua (province)">Papua</a>, and <a href="/wiki/West_Papua_(province)" title="West Papua (province)">West Papua</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ca/Flag_of_Iran.svg/23px-Flag_of_Iran.svg.png" width="23" height="13" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ca/Flag_of_Iran.svg/35px-Flag_of_Iran.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ca/Flag_of_Iran.svg/46px-Flag_of_Iran.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="630" data-file-height="360"> <a href="/wiki/Iran" title="Iran">Iran</a> – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f6/Flag_of_Iraq.svg/23px-Flag_of_Iraq.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f6/Flag_of_Iraq.svg/35px-Flag_of_Iraq.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f6/Flag_of_Iraq.svg/45px-Flag_of_Iraq.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="411" data-file-height="274"> <a href="/wiki/Iraq" title="Iraq">Iraq</a> – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None Iraq is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a><a href="#cite_note-federal-22">[Note 13]</a><a href="#cite_note-36">[15]</a> of <a href="/wiki/Governorates_of_Iraq" title="Governorates of Iraq">18 governorates</a>, three of which make up the autonomous <a href="/wiki/Iraqi_Kurdistan" title="Iraqi Kurdistan">Iraqi Kurdistan</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Flag_of_Ireland.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ireland.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Flag_of_Ireland.svg/35px-Flag_of_Ireland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Flag_of_Ireland.svg/46px-Flag_of_Ireland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland" title="Republic of Ireland">Ireland</a><a href="#cite_note-38">[Note 21]</a> A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Israel.svg/21px-Flag_of_Israel.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Israel.svg/32px-Flag_of_Israel.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Israel.svg/41px-Flag_of_Israel.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="660" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Israel" title="Israel">Israel</a> – State of Israel A UN member state <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_Israel" title="International recognition of Israel">Partially unrecognized</a> Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by <a href="#Palestine">Palestine</a>. Israel annexed <a href="/wiki/Jerusalem_Law" title="Jerusalem Law">East Jerusalem</a>,<a href="#cite_note-39">[17]</a> an annexation not recognised by the international community.<a href="#cite_note-dis-40">[18]</a> Israel maintains <a href="/wiki/West_Bank_Areas_in_the_Oslo_II_Accord" title="West Bank Areas in the Oslo II Accord">varying levels of control</a> over the rest of the <a href="/wiki/West_Bank" title="West Bank">West Bank</a>, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the <a href="/wiki/Gaza_Strip" title="Gaza Strip">Gaza Strip</a>, following its <a href="/wiki/Israel%27s_unilateral_disengagement_plan" title="Israel's unilateral disengagement plan" class="mw-redirect">unilateral disengagement</a>, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law.<a href="#cite_note-41">[19]</a><a href="#cite_note-42">[20]</a><a href="#cite_note-43">[21]</a><a href="#cite_note-44">[22]</a><a href="#cite_note-45">[23]</a> Israel is not recognised as a state by <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_Israel" title="International recognition of Israel">32 UN members</a> (including most Arab states) and by the <a href="/wiki/Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic" title="Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic">SADR</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svg/23px-Flag_of_Italy.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svg/35px-Flag_of_Italy.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svg/45px-Flag_of_Italy.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1500" data-file-height="1000"> <a href="/wiki/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a> – Italian Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> Italy has five autonomous regions, <a href="/wiki/Aosta_Valley" title="Aosta Valley">Aosta Valley</a>, <a href="/wiki/Friuli-Venezia_Giulia" title="Friuli-Venezia Giulia">Friuli-Venezia Giulia</a>, <a href="/wiki/Sardinia" title="Sardinia">Sardinia</a>, <a href="/wiki/Sicily" title="Sicily">Sicily</a> and <a href="/wiki/Trentino-Alto_Adige/S%C3%BCdtirol" title="Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol">Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%27Ivoire.svg/23px-Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%27Ivoire.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%27Ivoire.svg/35px-Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%27Ivoire.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%27Ivoire.svg/45px-Flag_of_C%C3%B4te_d%27Ivoire.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Ivory_Coast" title="Ivory Coast">Ivory Coast</a> – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Jamaica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Jamaica.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Jamaica.svg/35px-Flag_of_Jamaica.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Jamaica.svg/46px-Flag_of_Jamaica.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Jamaica" title="Jamaica">Jamaica</a> A UN member state A None Jamaica is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Jordan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Jordan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Jordan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Jordan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Jordan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Jordan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="840" data-file-height="420"> <a href="/wiki/Jordan" title="Jordan">Jordan</a> – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Kazakhstan" title="Kazakhstan">Kazakhstan</a> – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Kenya.svg/23px-Flag_of_Kenya.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Kenya.svg/35px-Flag_of_Kenya.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Kenya.svg/45px-Flag_of_Kenya.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Kenya" title="Kenya">Kenya</a> – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Kiribati.svg/23px-Flag_of_Kiribati.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Kiribati.svg/35px-Flag_of_Kiribati.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Kiribati.svg/46px-Flag_of_Kiribati.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Kiribati" title="Kiribati">Kiribati</a> – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/Flag_of_North_Korea.svg/23px-Flag_of_North_Korea.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/Flag_of_North_Korea.svg/35px-Flag_of_North_Korea.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/Flag_of_North_Korea.svg/46px-Flag_of_North_Korea.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1600" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/North_Korea" title="North Korea">Korea, North</a> – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: <a href="#Japan">Japan</a> and South Korea.<a href="#cite_note-koreas-46">[Note 22]</a><a href="#cite_note-47">[24]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_South_Korea.svg/23px-Flag_of_South_Korea.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_South_Korea.svg/35px-Flag_of_South_Korea.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Flag_of_South_Korea.svg/45px-Flag_of_South_Korea.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/South_Korea" title="South Korea">Korea, South</a> – Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Jeju-do" title="Jeju-do" class="mw-redirect">Jeju-do</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a><a href="#cite_note-48">[25]</a> South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.<a href="#cite_note-koreas-46">[Note 22]</a>
ZZZKosovo → <a href="#Kosovo">Kosovo</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Flag_of_Kuwait.svg/23px-Flag_of_Kuwait.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Flag_of_Kuwait.svg/35px-Flag_of_Kuwait.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Flag_of_Kuwait.svg/46px-Flag_of_Kuwait.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Kuwait" title="Kuwait">Kuwait</a> – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c7/Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c7/Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c7/Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Kyrgyzstan" title="Kyrgyzstan">Kyrgyzstan</a> – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Laos.svg/23px-Flag_of_Laos.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Laos.svg/35px-Flag_of_Laos.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Laos.svg/45px-Flag_of_Laos.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Laos" title="Laos">Laos</a> – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Flag_of_Latvia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Latvia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Flag_of_Latvia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Latvia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Flag_of_Latvia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Latvia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Latvia" title="Latvia">Latvia</a> – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Flag_of_Lebanon.svg/23px-Flag_of_Lebanon.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Flag_of_Lebanon.svg/35px-Flag_of_Lebanon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Flag_of_Lebanon.svg/45px-Flag_of_Lebanon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Lebanon" title="Lebanon">Lebanon</a> – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/Flag_of_Lesotho.svg/23px-Flag_of_Lesotho.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/Flag_of_Lesotho.svg/35px-Flag_of_Lesotho.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/Flag_of_Lesotho.svg/45px-Flag_of_Lesotho.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Lesotho" title="Lesotho">Lesotho</a> – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_Liberia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Liberia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_Liberia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Liberia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_Liberia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Liberia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1140" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Liberia" title="Liberia">Liberia</a> – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Libya.svg/23px-Flag_of_Libya.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Libya.svg/35px-Flag_of_Libya.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Libya.svg/46px-Flag_of_Libya.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="960" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Libya" title="Libya">Libya</a> – State of Libya A UN member state A None Libya has one self-declared autonomous region:<a href="#cite_note-49">[26]</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/Flag_of_Cyrenaica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cyrenaica.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/Flag_of_Cyrenaica.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cyrenaica.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/Flag_of_Cyrenaica.svg/45px-Flag_of_Cyrenaica.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Cyrenaica" title="Cyrenaica">Cyrenaica</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/47/Flag_of_Liechtenstein.svg/23px-Flag_of_Liechtenstein.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/47/Flag_of_Liechtenstein.svg/35px-Flag_of_Liechtenstein.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/47/Flag_of_Liechtenstein.svg/46px-Flag_of_Liechtenstein.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Liechtenstein" title="Liechtenstein">Liechtenstein</a> – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Lithuania.svg/23px-Flag_of_Lithuania.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Lithuania.svg/35px-Flag_of_Lithuania.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Lithuania.svg/46px-Flag_of_Lithuania.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Lithuania" title="Lithuania">Lithuania</a> – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg/23px-Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg/35px-Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg/46px-Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Luxembourg" title="Luxembourg">Luxembourg</a> – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Flag_of_Macedonia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Macedonia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Flag_of_Macedonia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Macedonia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Flag_of_Macedonia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Macedonia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1400" data-file-height="700"> <a href="/wiki/Republic_of_Macedonia" title="Republic of Macedonia">Macedonia</a> – Republic of Macedonia A UN member state A None Because of the <a href="/wiki/Macedonia_naming_dispute" title="Macedonia naming dispute">Macedonia naming dispute</a>, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Madagascar.svg/23px-Flag_of_Madagascar.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Madagascar.svg/35px-Flag_of_Madagascar.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Madagascar.svg/45px-Flag_of_Madagascar.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Madagascar" title="Madagascar">Madagascar</a> – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d1/Flag_of_Malawi.svg/23px-Flag_of_Malawi.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d1/Flag_of_Malawi.svg/35px-Flag_of_Malawi.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d1/Flag_of_Malawi.svg/45px-Flag_of_Malawi.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Malawi" title="Malawi">Malawi</a> – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Flag_of_Malaysia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Malaysia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Flag_of_Malaysia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Malaysia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Flag_of_Malaysia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Malaysia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="2800" data-file-height="1400"> <a href="/wiki/Malaysia" title="Malaysia">Malaysia</a> A UN member state A None Malaysia is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Malaysia" title="States of Malaysia" class="mw-redirect">13 states and three federal territories</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_Maldives.svg/23px-Flag_of_Maldives.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_Maldives.svg/35px-Flag_of_Maldives.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_Maldives.svg/45px-Flag_of_Maldives.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="720" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Maldives" title="Maldives">Maldives</a> – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Mali.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mali.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Mali.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mali.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Mali.svg/45px-Flag_of_Mali.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Mali" title="Mali">Mali</a> – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Flag_of_Malta.svg/23px-Flag_of_Malta.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Flag_of_Malta.svg/35px-Flag_of_Malta.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Flag_of_Malta.svg/45px-Flag_of_Malta.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Malta" title="Malta">Malta</a> – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="570" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Marshall_Islands" title="Marshall Islands">Marshall Islands</a> – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None Under <a href="/wiki/Compact_of_Free_Association" title="Compact of Free Association">Compact of Free Association</a> with the <a href="#United_States">United States</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Flag_of_Mauritania.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mauritania.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Flag_of_Mauritania.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mauritania.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Flag_of_Mauritania.svg/45px-Flag_of_Mauritania.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Mauritania" title="Mauritania">Mauritania</a> – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_Mauritius.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mauritius.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_Mauritius.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mauritius.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Flag_of_Mauritius.svg/45px-Flag_of_Mauritius.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Mauritius" title="Mauritius">Mauritius</a> – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None Mauritius has an autonomous island, <a href="/wiki/Rodrigues" title="Rodrigues">Rodrigues</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png" width="23" height="13" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/46px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="840" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a> – United Mexican States A UN member state A None Mexico is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Political_divisions_of_Mexico" title="Political divisions of Mexico" class="mw-redirect">31 states and 1 federal district</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Moldova.svg/23px-Flag_of_Moldova.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Moldova.svg/35px-Flag_of_Moldova.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Moldova.svg/46px-Flag_of_Moldova.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1800" data-file-height="900"> <a href="/wiki/Moldova" title="Moldova">Moldova</a> – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None Moldova has the autonomous regions of <a href="/wiki/Gagauzia" title="Gagauzia">Gagauzia</a> and <a href="#Transnistria">Transnistria</a>, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Flag_of_Monaco.svg/19px-Flag_of_Monaco.svg.png" width="19" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Flag_of_Monaco.svg/29px-Flag_of_Monaco.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Flag_of_Monaco.svg/38px-Flag_of_Monaco.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Monaco" title="Monaco">Monaco</a> – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Flag_of_Mongolia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mongolia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Flag_of_Mongolia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mongolia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Flag_of_Mongolia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Mongolia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="4800" data-file-height="2400"> <a href="/wiki/Mongolia" title="Mongolia">Mongolia</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Montenegro.svg/23px-Flag_of_Montenegro.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Montenegro.svg/35px-Flag_of_Montenegro.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Montenegro.svg/46px-Flag_of_Montenegro.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="640" data-file-height="320"> <a href="/wiki/Montenegro" title="Montenegro">Montenegro</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Flag_of_Morocco.svg/23px-Flag_of_Morocco.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Flag_of_Morocco.svg/35px-Flag_of_Morocco.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Flag_of_Morocco.svg/45px-Flag_of_Morocco.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Morocco" title="Morocco">Morocco</a> – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None Morocco claims sovereignty over <a href="/wiki/Western_Sahara" title="Western Sahara">Western Sahara</a> and controls most of it, which is disputed by the <a href="#SADR">Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Mozambique.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mozambique.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Mozambique.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mozambique.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Mozambique.svg/45px-Flag_of_Mozambique.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Mozambique" title="Mozambique">Mozambique</a> – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8c/Flag_of_Myanmar.svg/23px-Flag_of_Myanmar.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8c/Flag_of_Myanmar.svg/35px-Flag_of_Myanmar.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8c/Flag_of_Myanmar.svg/45px-Flag_of_Myanmar.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1800" data-file-height="1200"> <a href="/wiki/Myanmar" title="Myanmar">Myanmar</a> – Republic of the Union of Myanmar<a href="#cite_note-50">[Note 23]</a><a href="#cite_note-51">[27]</a> A UN member state A None
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → <a href="#Nagorno-Karabakh">Nagorno-Karabakh</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_Namibia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Namibia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_Namibia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Namibia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_Namibia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Namibia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Namibia" title="Namibia">Namibia</a> – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Flag_of_Nauru.svg/23px-Flag_of_Nauru.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Flag_of_Nauru.svg/35px-Flag_of_Nauru.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Flag_of_Nauru.svg/46px-Flag_of_Nauru.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Nauru" title="Nauru">Nauru</a> – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9b/Flag_of_Nepal.svg/16px-Flag_of_Nepal.svg.png" width="16" height="20" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9b/Flag_of_Nepal.svg/25px-Flag_of_Nepal.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9b/Flag_of_Nepal.svg/33px-Flag_of_Nepal.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="726" data-file-height="885">   <a href="/wiki/Nepal" title="Nepal">Nepal</a> – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None Nepal is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> composed of <a href="/wiki/Zones_of_Nepal" title="Zones of Nepal" class="mw-redirect">14 zones</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Kingdom_of_the_Netherlands" title="Kingdom of the Netherlands">Netherlands</a> – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:
  •  <a href="/wiki/Netherlands" title="Netherlands">The Netherlands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f6/Flag_of_Aruba.svg/23px-Flag_of_Aruba.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f6/Flag_of_Aruba.svg/35px-Flag_of_Aruba.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f6/Flag_of_Aruba.svg/45px-Flag_of_Aruba.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Aruba" title="Aruba">Aruba</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Flag_of_Cura%C3%A7ao.svg/23px-Flag_of_Cura%C3%A7ao.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Flag_of_Cura%C3%A7ao.svg/35px-Flag_of_Cura%C3%A7ao.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Flag_of_Cura%C3%A7ao.svg/45px-Flag_of_Cura%C3%A7ao.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Cura%C3%A7ao" title="Curaçao">Curaçao</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Sint_Maarten.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sint_Maarten.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Sint_Maarten.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sint_Maarten.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Flag_of_Sint_Maarten.svg/45px-Flag_of_Sint_Maarten.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="675" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Sint_Maarten" title="Sint Maarten">Sint Maarten</a>

The monarch and his ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of its constituent country, the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the <a href="/wiki/Netherlands_Antilles" title="Netherlands Antilles">Netherlands Antilles</a> in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (<a href="/wiki/Bonaire" title="Bonaire">Bonaire</a>, <a href="/wiki/Saba" title="Saba">Saba</a>, <a href="/wiki/Sint_Eustatius" title="Sint Eustatius">Sint Eustatius</a>) became <a href="/wiki/Caribbean_Netherlands" title="Caribbean Netherlands">special municipalities</a> of the constituent country of the Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg/23px-Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg/35px-Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg/46px-Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/New_Zealand" title="New Zealand">New Zealand</a> A UN member state A None New Zealand is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>,<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> and has the dependent territories of:
  •  <a href="/wiki/Ross_Dependency" title="Ross Dependency">Ross Dependency</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/Flag_of_Tokelau.svg/23px-Flag_of_Tokelau.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/Flag_of_Tokelau.svg/35px-Flag_of_Tokelau.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/Flag_of_Tokelau.svg/46px-Flag_of_Tokelau.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1800" data-file-height="900"> <a href="/wiki/Tokelau" title="Tokelau">Tokelau</a>

New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely <a href="/wiki/Associated_state" title="Associated state">associated states</a>:

  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Cook_Islands" title="Cook Islands">Cook Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Niue.svg/23px-Flag_of_Niue.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Niue.svg/35px-Flag_of_Niue.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Niue.svg/46px-Flag_of_Niue.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Niue" title="Niue">Niue</a>

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_the_Cook_Islands" title="Foreign relations of the Cook Islands">with 41</a> and <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Niue" title="Foreign relations of Niue">with 17</a> UN members respectively.<a href="#cite_note-52">[28]</a><a href="#cite_note-53">[29]</a><a href="#cite_note-54">[30]</a> They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,<a href="#cite_note-untreaty1-55">[31]</a> and are members of some <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agencies</a>.

<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg/23px-Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg/35px-Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg/46px-Flag_of_Nicaragua.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Nicaragua" title="Nicaragua">Nicaragua</a> – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, <a href="/wiki/Regi%C3%B3n_Aut%C3%B3noma_del_Atl%C3%A1ntico_Sur" title="Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur" class="mw-redirect">Atlántico Sur</a> and <a href="/wiki/Regi%C3%B3n_Aut%C3%B3noma_del_Atl%C3%A1ntico_Norte" title="Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte" class="mw-redirect">Atlántico Norte</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f4/Flag_of_Niger.svg/18px-Flag_of_Niger.svg.png" width="18" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f4/Flag_of_Niger.svg/27px-Flag_of_Niger.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f4/Flag_of_Niger.svg/35px-Flag_of_Niger.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="700" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Niger" title="Niger">Niger</a> – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/79/Flag_of_Nigeria.svg/23px-Flag_of_Nigeria.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/79/Flag_of_Nigeria.svg/35px-Flag_of_Nigeria.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/79/Flag_of_Nigeria.svg/46px-Flag_of_Nigeria.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="2400" data-file-height="1200"> <a href="/wiki/Nigeria" title="Nigeria">Nigeria</a> – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None Nigeria is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Nigeria" title="States of Nigeria">36 states and 1 federal territory</a>.
ZZZNiue → <a href="#Niue">Niue</a> A UN member state A None
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → <a href="#Northern_Cyprus">Northern Cyprus</a> A UN member state A None
North Korea → <a href="#Korea_North">Korea, North</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Norway.svg/21px-Flag_of_Norway.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Norway.svg/32px-Flag_of_Norway.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Norway.svg/41px-Flag_of_Norway.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1100" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Norway" title="Norway">Norway</a> – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None
  • <a href="/wiki/Svalbard" title="Svalbard">Svalbard</a> is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the <a href="/wiki/Svalbard_Treaty" title="Svalbard Treaty">Svalbard Treaty</a>.
  • <a href="/wiki/Jan_Mayen" title="Jan Mayen">Jan Mayen</a> is an island that is an integral part of Norway, although <a href="/wiki/Unincorporated_area" title="Unincorporated area">unincorporated</a>.

Norway has the dependent territories of:

  • <a href="/wiki/Bouvet_Island" title="Bouvet Island">Bouvet Island</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Peter_I_Island" title="Peter I Island">Peter I Island</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Queen_Maud_Land" title="Queen Maud Land">Queen Maud Land</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Oman.svg/23px-Flag_of_Oman.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Oman.svg/35px-Flag_of_Oman.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Oman.svg/46px-Flag_of_Oman.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Oman" title="Oman">Oman</a> – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Flag_of_Pakistan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Pakistan.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Flag_of_Pakistan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Pakistan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Flag_of_Pakistan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Pakistan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Pakistan" title="Pakistan">Pakistan</a> – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None Pakistan is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Subdivisions_of_Pakistan" title="Subdivisions of Pakistan" class="mw-redirect">four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions</a>. Pakistan disputes the entire territory of <a href="/wiki/Kashmir" title="Kashmir">Kashmir</a> with <a href="/wiki/India" title="India">India</a>, and part of it with the <a href="/wiki/People%27s_Republic_of_China" title="People's Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">People's Republic of China</a>. It exercises control over <a href="/wiki/Pakistan-administered_Kashmir" title="Pakistan-administered Kashmir" class="mw-redirect">certain portions</a> of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it,<a href="#cite_note-56">[32]</a><a href="#cite_note-57">[33]</a> instead regarding it as a disputed territory.<a href="#cite_note-58">[34]</a><a href="#cite_note-59">[35]</a> The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:<a href="#cite_note-Kashmir-60">[Note 24]</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir.svg/23px-Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir.svg/35px-Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir.svg/45px-Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="648" data-file-height="432"> <a href="/wiki/Azad_Kashmir" title="Azad Kashmir">Azad Kashmir</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Gilgit%E2%80%93Baltistan" title="Gilgit–Baltistan" class="mw-redirect">Gilgit–Baltistan</a>

Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.<a href="#cite_note-61">[36]</a><a href="#cite_note-gbtribune.files.wordpress.com-62">[37]</a> These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfill the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan on their behalf.<a href="#cite_note-gbtribune.files.wordpress.com-62">[37]</a><a href="#cite_note-63">[38]</a><a href="#cite_note-64">[39]</a>

<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Palau.svg/23px-Flag_of_Palau.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Palau.svg/35px-Flag_of_Palau.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Palau.svg/46px-Flag_of_Palau.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Palau" title="Palau">Palau</a> – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None Under <a href="/wiki/Compact_of_Free_Association" title="Compact of Free Association">Compact of Free Association</a> with the <a href="#United_States">United States</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_Palestine.svg/23px-Flag_of_Palestine.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_Palestine.svg/35px-Flag_of_Palestine.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_Palestine.svg/46px-Flag_of_Palestine.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/State_of_Palestine" title="State of Palestine">Palestine</a> – State of Palestine A <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_observers" title="United Nations General Assembly observers">UN observer state</a>; member of one <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agency</a> <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_the_State_of_Palestine" title="International recognition of the State of Palestine">Partially unrecognized</a>. B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_the_State_of_Palestine" title="International recognition of the State of Palestine">136</a> states.<a href="#cite_note-65">[40]</a> The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.<a href="#cite_note-66">[41]</a> The <a href="/wiki/Palestinian_National_Authority" title="Palestinian National Authority">Palestinian National Authority</a> is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the <a href="/wiki/Oslo_Accords" title="Oslo Accords">Oslo Accords</a> that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the <a href="/wiki/Palestinian_territories" title="Palestinian territories">Palestinian territories</a>. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the <a href="/wiki/Palestine_Liberation_Organization" title="Palestine Liberation Organization">Palestine Liberation Organization</a>.<a href="#cite_note-unnms-67">[42]</a> The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,<a href="#cite_note-68">[43]</a> and an observer state in the UN.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ab/Flag_of_Panama.svg/23px-Flag_of_Panama.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ab/Flag_of_Panama.svg/35px-Flag_of_Panama.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ab/Flag_of_Panama.svg/45px-Flag_of_Panama.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Panama" title="Panama">Panama</a> – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e3/Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea.svg/20px-Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea.svg.png" width="20" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e3/Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea.svg/31px-Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e3/Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea.svg/40px-Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea" title="Papua New Guinea">Papua New Guinea</a> – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None Papua New Guinea is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a><a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> with 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Autonomous_Region_of_Bougainville" title="Autonomous Region of Bougainville">Bougainville</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Paraguay.svg/23px-Flag_of_Paraguay.svg.png" width="23" height="13" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Paraguay.svg/35px-Flag_of_Paraguay.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Paraguay.svg/46px-Flag_of_Paraguay.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="330"> <a href="/wiki/Paraguay" title="Paraguay">Paraguay</a> – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/Flag_of_Peru_%28state%29.svg/23px-Flag_of_Peru_%28state%29.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/Flag_of_Peru_%28state%29.svg/35px-Flag_of_Peru_%28state%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/Flag_of_Peru_%28state%29.svg/45px-Flag_of_Peru_%28state%29.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Peru" title="Peru">Peru</a> – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Philippines" title="Philippines">Philippines</a> – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Autonomous_Region_in_Muslim_Mindanao" title="Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao">Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/12/Flag_of_Poland.svg/23px-Flag_of_Poland.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/12/Flag_of_Poland.svg/35px-Flag_of_Poland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/12/Flag_of_Poland.svg/46px-Flag_of_Poland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1280" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Poland" title="Poland">Poland</a> – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Flag_of_Portugal.svg/23px-Flag_of_Portugal.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Flag_of_Portugal.svg/35px-Flag_of_Portugal.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Flag_of_Portugal.svg/45px-Flag_of_Portugal.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a> – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> Portugal contains two autonomous regions, <a href="/wiki/Azores" title="Azores">Azores</a> and <a href="/wiki/Madeira" title="Madeira">Madeira</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
Pridnestrovie → <a href="#Transnistria">Transnistria</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Flag_of_Qatar.svg/23px-Flag_of_Qatar.svg.png" width="23" height="9" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Flag_of_Qatar.svg/35px-Flag_of_Qatar.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Flag_of_Qatar.svg/46px-Flag_of_Qatar.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1400" data-file-height="550"> <a href="/wiki/Qatar" title="Qatar">Qatar</a> – State of Qatar A UN member state A None
Republic of Korea → <a href="#Korea_South">Korea, South</a> A UN member state A None
Republic of the Congo → <a href="#Congo.2C_Republic_of_the">Congo, Republic of the</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Flag_of_Romania.svg/23px-Flag_of_Romania.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Flag_of_Romania.svg/35px-Flag_of_Romania.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Flag_of_Romania.svg/45px-Flag_of_Romania.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Romania" title="Romania">Romania</a> A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Russia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Russia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Russia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Russia" title="Russia">Russia</a> – Russian Federation A UN member state A None Russia is officially a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of 85 <a href="/wiki/Federal_subjects_of_Russia" title="Federal subjects of Russia">federal subjects</a> (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a> Russia also forms the <a href="/wiki/Union_State" title="Union State">Union State</a> jointly with <a href="/wiki/Belarus" title="Belarus">Belarus</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Flag_of_Rwanda.svg/23px-Flag_of_Rwanda.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Flag_of_Rwanda.svg/35px-Flag_of_Rwanda.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Flag_of_Rwanda.svg/45px-Flag_of_Rwanda.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1080" data-file-height="720"> <a href="/wiki/Rwanda" title="Rwanda">Rwanda</a> – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → <a href="#SADR">Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg/35px-Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg/45px-Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis" title="Saint Kitts and Nevis">Saint Kitts and Nevis</a> – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis A UN member state A None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a><a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> and is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a><a href="#cite_note-federal-22">[Note 13]</a> of <a href="/wiki/Parishes_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis" title="Parishes of Saint Kitts and Nevis" class="mw-redirect">14 parishes</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Saint_Lucia" title="Saint Lucia">Saint Lucia</a> A UN member state A None Saint Lucia is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg/35px-Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg/45px-Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines" title="Saint Vincent and the Grenadines">Saint Vincent and the Grenadines</a> A UN member state A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Samoa.svg/23px-Flag_of_Samoa.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Samoa.svg/35px-Flag_of_Samoa.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/31/Flag_of_Samoa.svg/46px-Flag_of_Samoa.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="2880" data-file-height="1440"> <a href="/wiki/Samoa" title="Samoa">Samoa</a> – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Flag_of_San_Marino.svg/20px-Flag_of_San_Marino.svg.png" width="20" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Flag_of_San_Marino.svg/31px-Flag_of_San_Marino.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Flag_of_San_Marino.svg/40px-Flag_of_San_Marino.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/San_Marino" title="San Marino">San Marino</a> – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe.svg/46px-Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="2800" data-file-height="1400"> <a href="/wiki/S%C3%A3o_Tom%C3%A9_and_Pr%C3%ADncipe" title="São Tomé and Príncipe">São Tomé and Príncipe</a> – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, <a href="/wiki/Pr%C3%ADncipe" title="Príncipe">Príncipe</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Saudi_Arabia" title="Saudi Arabia">Saudi Arabia</a> – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Flag_of_Senegal.svg/23px-Flag_of_Senegal.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Flag_of_Senegal.svg/35px-Flag_of_Senegal.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Flag_of_Senegal.svg/45px-Flag_of_Senegal.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Senegal" title="Senegal">Senegal</a> – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Flag_of_Serbia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Serbia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Flag_of_Serbia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Serbia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Flag_of_Serbia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Serbia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1350" data-file-height="900"> <a href="/wiki/Serbia" title="Serbia">Serbia</a> – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None Serbia contains two autonomous regions, <a href="/wiki/Vojvodina" title="Vojvodina">Vojvodina</a> and <a href="/wiki/Kosovo_and_Metohija" title="Kosovo and Metohija" class="mw-redirect">Kosovo and Metohija</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a> The latter is under the de facto control of the <a href="#Kosovo">Republic of Kosovo</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Seychelles.svg/23px-Flag_of_Seychelles.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Seychelles.svg/35px-Flag_of_Seychelles.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Seychelles.svg/46px-Flag_of_Seychelles.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="450"> <a href="/wiki/Seychelles" title="Seychelles">Seychelles</a> – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Flag_of_Sierra_Leone.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sierra_Leone.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Flag_of_Sierra_Leone.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sierra_Leone.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Flag_of_Sierra_Leone.svg/45px-Flag_of_Sierra_Leone.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Sierra_Leone" title="Sierra Leone">Sierra Leone</a> – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Singapore.svg/23px-Flag_of_Singapore.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Singapore.svg/35px-Flag_of_Singapore.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Singapore.svg/45px-Flag_of_Singapore.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="4320" data-file-height="2880"> <a href="/wiki/Singapore" title="Singapore">Singapore</a> – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e6/Flag_of_Slovakia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Slovakia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e6/Flag_of_Slovakia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Slovakia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e6/Flag_of_Slovakia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Slovakia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Slovakia" title="Slovakia">Slovakia</a> – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f0/Flag_of_Slovenia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Slovenia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f0/Flag_of_Slovenia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Slovenia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f0/Flag_of_Slovenia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Slovenia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Slovenia" title="Slovenia">Slovenia</a> – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Solomon_Islands" title="Solomon Islands">Solomon Islands</a> A UN member state A None The Solomon Islands is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_Somalia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Somalia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_Somalia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Somalia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_Somalia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Somalia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Somalia" title="Somalia">Somalia</a> – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None Somalia is presently divided with the official <a href="/wiki/Federal_Government_of_Somalia" title="Federal Government of Somalia">Federal Government of Somalia</a> (FGS) controlling only part of the country. <a href="/wiki/Puntland" title="Puntland">Puntland</a> and <a href="/wiki/Galmudug" title="Galmudug">Galmudug</a> have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the FGS does not recognise),<a href="#cite_note-69">[44]</a>[<a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Verifiability" title="Wikipedia:Verifiability">need quotation to verify</a>] while <a href="#Somaliland">Somaliland</a> has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
ZZZSomaliland → <a href="#Somaliland">Somaliland</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/af/Flag_of_South_Africa.svg/23px-Flag_of_South_Africa.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/af/Flag_of_South_Africa.svg/35px-Flag_of_South_Africa.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/af/Flag_of_South_Africa.svg/45px-Flag_of_South_Africa.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/South_Africa" title="South Africa">South Africa</a> – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None
South Korea → <a href="#Korea_South">Korea, South</a> A UN member state A None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → <a href="#South_Ossetia">South Ossetia</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7a/Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg/23px-Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7a/Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg/35px-Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7a/Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg/46px-Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/South_Sudan" title="South Sudan">South Sudan</a> – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None South Sudan is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_South_Sudan" title="States of South Sudan">10 states</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Spain.svg/23px-Flag_of_Spain.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Spain.svg/35px-Flag_of_Spain.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Spain.svg/45px-Flag_of_Spain.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Spain" title="Spain">Spain</a> – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> Spain is divided into <a href="/wiki/Autonomous_communities_of_Spain" title="Autonomous communities of Spain">17 autonomous communities and 2 special autonomous cities</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg/46px-Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Sri_Lanka" title="Sri Lanka">Sri Lanka</a> – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka A UN member state A None Formerly known as <a href="/wiki/Dominion_of_Ceylon" title="Dominion of Ceylon">Ceylon</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Sudan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sudan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Sudan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sudan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Sudan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Sudan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Sudan" title="Sudan">Sudan</a> – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None Sudan is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Sudan" title="States of Sudan">17 states</a>. Disputes <a href="/wiki/Abyei" title="Abyei">Abyei</a> and <a href="/wiki/Kafia_Kingi" title="Kafia Kingi">Kafia Kingi</a> with <a href="#South_Sudan">South Sudan</a>.
ZZZSudan, South → <a href="#South_Sudan">South Sudan</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/60/Flag_of_Suriname.svg/23px-Flag_of_Suriname.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/60/Flag_of_Suriname.svg/35px-Flag_of_Suriname.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/60/Flag_of_Suriname.svg/45px-Flag_of_Suriname.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Suriname" title="Suriname">Suriname</a> – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1e/Flag_of_Swaziland.svg/23px-Flag_of_Swaziland.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1e/Flag_of_Swaziland.svg/35px-Flag_of_Swaziland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1e/Flag_of_Swaziland.svg/45px-Flag_of_Swaziland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Swaziland" title="Swaziland">Swaziland</a> – Kingdom of Swaziland A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4c/Flag_of_Sweden.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4c/Flag_of_Sweden.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4c/Flag_of_Sweden.svg/46px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1600" data-file-height="1000"> <a href="/wiki/Sweden" title="Sweden">Sweden</a> – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Switzerland.svg/16px-Flag_of_Switzerland.svg.png" width="16" height="16" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Switzerland.svg/24px-Flag_of_Switzerland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Switzerland.svg/32px-Flag_of_Switzerland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="1000">  <a href="/wiki/Switzerland" title="Switzerland">Switzerland</a> – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None Switzerland is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Cantons_of_Switzerland" title="Cantons of Switzerland">26 cantons</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/53/Flag_of_Syria.svg/23px-Flag_of_Syria.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/53/Flag_of_Syria.svg/35px-Flag_of_Syria.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/53/Flag_of_Syria.svg/45px-Flag_of_Syria.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Syria" title="Syria">Syria</a> – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None The <a href="/wiki/National_Coalition_for_Syrian_Revolutionary_and_Opposition_Forces" title="National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces">Syrian National Coalition</a>, which is <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_the_Syrian_National_Coalition" title="International recognition of the Syrian National Coalition" class="mw-redirect">recognized</a> as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an <a href="/wiki/Syrian_Interim_Government" title="Syrian Interim Government">interim government</a> to rule rebel controlled territory during the <a href="/wiki/Syrian_civil_war" title="Syrian civil war" class="mw-redirect">Syrian civil war</a>.

Syria has one self-declared autonomous region:

  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_Syrian_Kurdistan.svg/21px-Flag_of_Syrian_Kurdistan.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_Syrian_Kurdistan.svg/32px-Flag_of_Syrian_Kurdistan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_Syrian_Kurdistan.svg/42px-Flag_of_Syrian_Kurdistan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="640" data-file-height="456"> <a href="/wiki/Rojava" title="Rojava">Syrian Kurdistan</a>
ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → <a href="#Taiwan">Taiwan</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Tajikistan" title="Tajikistan">Tajikistan</a> – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Gorno-Badakhshan_Autonomous_Province" title="Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province" class="mw-redirect">Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Tanzania.svg/23px-Flag_of_Tanzania.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Tanzania.svg/35px-Flag_of_Tanzania.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Tanzania.svg/45px-Flag_of_Tanzania.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Tanzania" title="Tanzania">Tanzania</a> – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Zanzibar" title="Zanzibar">Zanzibar</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/Flag_of_Thailand.svg/23px-Flag_of_Thailand.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/Flag_of_Thailand.svg/35px-Flag_of_Thailand.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/Flag_of_Thailand.svg/45px-Flag_of_Thailand.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Thailand" title="Thailand">Thailand</a> – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None
Timor-Leste → <a href="#East_Timor">East Timor</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Flag_of_Togo.svg/23px-Flag_of_Togo.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Flag_of_Togo.svg/35px-Flag_of_Togo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Flag_of_Togo.svg/46px-Flag_of_Togo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="809" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Togo" title="Togo">Togo</a> – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Tonga.svg/23px-Flag_of_Tonga.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Tonga.svg/35px-Flag_of_Tonga.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Flag_of_Tonga.svg/46px-Flag_of_Tonga.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="960" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Tonga" title="Tonga">Tonga</a> – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None
ZZZTransnistria → <a href="#Transnistria">Transnistria</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg/23px-Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg/35px-Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg/46px-Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Trinidad_and_Tobago" title="Trinidad and Tobago">Trinidad and Tobago</a> – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Tobago" title="Tobago">Tobago</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Flag_of_Tunisia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Tunisia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Flag_of_Tunisia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Tunisia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Flag_of_Tunisia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Tunisia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Tunisia" title="Tunisia">Tunisia</a> – Republic of Tunisia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svg/23px-Flag_of_Turkey.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svg/35px-Flag_of_Turkey.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svg/45px-Flag_of_Turkey.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Turkey" title="Turkey">Turkey</a> – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Turkmenistan" title="Turkmenistan">Turkmenistan</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Tuvalu.svg/23px-Flag_of_Tuvalu.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Tuvalu.svg/35px-Flag_of_Tuvalu.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Flag_of_Tuvalu.svg/46px-Flag_of_Tuvalu.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Tuvalu" title="Tuvalu">Tuvalu</a> A UN member state A None Tuvalu is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a>.<a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/Flag_of_Uganda.svg/23px-Flag_of_Uganda.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/Flag_of_Uganda.svg/35px-Flag_of_Uganda.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/Flag_of_Uganda.svg/45px-Flag_of_Uganda.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Uganda" title="Uganda">Uganda</a> – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Ukraine.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ukraine.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Ukraine.svg/35px-Flag_of_Ukraine.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Flag_of_Ukraine.svg/45px-Flag_of_Ukraine.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="800"> <a href="/wiki/Ukraine" title="Ukraine">Ukraine</a> A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/United_Arab_Emirates" title="United Arab Emirates">United Arab Emirates</a> A UN member state A None The United Arab Emirates is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Emirates_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates" title="Emirates of the United Arab Emirates">seven emirates</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/ae/Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/ae/Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/ae/Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/United_Kingdom" title="United Kingdom">United Kingdom</a> – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.<a href="#cite_note-EU-4">[a]</a> The United Kingdom is a <a href="/wiki/Commonwealth_realm" title="Commonwealth realm">Commonwealth realm</a><a href="#cite_note-realm-7">[Note 4]</a> consisting of <a href="/wiki/Countries_of_the_United_Kingdom" title="Countries of the United Kingdom">four constituent countries</a>: <a href="/wiki/England" title="England">England</a>, <a href="/wiki/Northern_Ireland" title="Northern Ireland">Northern Ireland</a>, <a href="/wiki/Scotland" title="Scotland">Scotland</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Wales" title="Wales">Wales</a>. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:
  •  <a href="/wiki/Akrotiri_and_Dhekelia" title="Akrotiri and Dhekelia">Akrotiri and Dhekelia</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Anguilla.svg/23px-Flag_of_Anguilla.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Anguilla.svg/35px-Flag_of_Anguilla.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Anguilla.svg/46px-Flag_of_Anguilla.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Anguilla" title="Anguilla">Anguilla</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bermuda.svg/23px-Flag_of_Bermuda.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bermuda.svg/35px-Flag_of_Bermuda.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Flag_of_Bermuda.svg/46px-Flag_of_Bermuda.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Bermuda" title="Bermuda">Bermuda</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Flag_of_the_British_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_British_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Flag_of_the_British_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_British_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Flag_of_the_British_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_British_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/British_Indian_Ocean_Territory" title="British Indian Ocean Territory">British Indian Ocean Territory</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/42/Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/42/Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/42/Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/British_Virgin_Islands" title="British Virgin Islands">British Virgin Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Cayman_Islands" title="Cayman Islands">Cayman Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Falkland_Islands" title="Falkland Islands">Falkland Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/02/Flag_of_Gibraltar.svg/23px-Flag_of_Gibraltar.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/02/Flag_of_Gibraltar.svg/35px-Flag_of_Gibraltar.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/02/Flag_of_Gibraltar.svg/46px-Flag_of_Gibraltar.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Gibraltar" title="Gibraltar">Gibraltar</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Montserrat.svg/23px-Flag_of_Montserrat.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Montserrat.svg/35px-Flag_of_Montserrat.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Flag_of_Montserrat.svg/46px-Flag_of_Montserrat.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Montserrat" title="Montserrat">Montserrat</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Pitcairn_Islands" title="Pitcairn Islands">Pitcairn Islands</a>
  •  <a href="/wiki/Saint_Helena,_Ascension_and_Tristan_da_Cunha" title="Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha">Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="375"> <a href="/wiki/South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands" title="South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands">South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Turks_and_Caicos_Islands" title="Turks and Caicos Islands">Turks and Caicos Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_British_Antarctic_Territory.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/British_Antarctic_Territory" title="British Antarctic Territory">British Antarctic Territory</a>

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_Guernsey.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guernsey.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_Guernsey.svg/35px-Flag_of_Guernsey.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_Guernsey.svg/45px-Flag_of_Guernsey.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Guernsey" title="Guernsey">Guernsey</a>, with three dependencies:
    • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Alderney.svg/23px-Flag_of_Alderney.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Alderney.svg/35px-Flag_of_Alderney.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Flag_of_Alderney.svg/46px-Flag_of_Alderney.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Alderney" title="Alderney">Alderney</a>
    • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_Herm.svg/23px-Flag_of_Herm.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_Herm.svg/35px-Flag_of_Herm.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_Herm.svg/46px-Flag_of_Herm.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Herm" title="Herm">Herm</a>
    • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Sark.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sark.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Sark.svg/35px-Flag_of_Sark.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Sark.svg/46px-Flag_of_Sark.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="480"> <a href="/wiki/Sark" title="Sark">Sark</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_the_Isle_of_Man.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Isle_of_Man.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_the_Isle_of_Man.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Isle_of_Man.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_the_Isle_of_Man.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Isle_of_Man.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Isle_of_Man" title="Isle of Man">Isle of Man</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Flag_of_Jersey.svg/23px-Flag_of_Jersey.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Flag_of_Jersey.svg/35px-Flag_of_Jersey.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Flag_of_Jersey.svg/46px-Flag_of_Jersey.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Jersey" title="Jersey">Jersey</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1235" data-file-height="650"> <a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a> – United States of America A UN member state A None The United States is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/Political_divisions_of_the_United_States" title="Political divisions of the United States">50 states and 1 federal district</a>. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/Flag_of_American_Samoa.svg/23px-Flag_of_American_Samoa.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/Flag_of_American_Samoa.svg/35px-Flag_of_American_Samoa.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/Flag_of_American_Samoa.svg/46px-Flag_of_American_Samoa.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/American_Samoa" title="American Samoa">American Samoa</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/07/Flag_of_Guam.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guam.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/07/Flag_of_Guam.svg/35px-Flag_of_Guam.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/07/Flag_of_Guam.svg/46px-Flag_of_Guam.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="820" data-file-height="440"> <a href="/wiki/Guam" title="Guam">Guam</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e0/Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e0/Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e0/Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Northern_Mariana_Islands" title="Northern Mariana Islands">Northern Mariana Islands</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg/23px-Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg/35px-Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg/45px-Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Puerto_Rico" title="Puerto Rico">Puerto Rico</a>
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1276" data-file-height="850"> <a href="/wiki/United_States_Virgin_Islands" title="United States Virgin Islands">U.S. Virgin Islands</a>

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

  • <a href="/wiki/Baker_Island" title="Baker Island">Baker Island</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Howland_Island" title="Howland Island">Howland Island</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Jarvis_Island" title="Jarvis Island">Jarvis Island</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Johnston_Atoll" title="Johnston Atoll">Johnston Atoll</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Kingman_Reef" title="Kingman Reef">Kingman Reef</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Midway_Atoll" title="Midway Atoll">Midway Atoll</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Navassa_Island" title="Navassa Island">Navassa Island</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Wake_Island" title="Wake Island">Wake Island</a>

It also has sovereignty over the following incorporated territories:

  • <a href="/wiki/Palmyra_Atoll" title="Palmyra Atoll">Palmyra Atoll</a>

Three sovereign states have become <a href="/wiki/Associated_state" title="Associated state">associated states</a> of the United States under the <a href="/wiki/Compact_of_Free_Association" title="Compact of Free Association">Compact of Free Association</a>:

  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="570" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Marshall_Islands" title="Marshall Islands">Marshall Islands</a> – Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Federated_States_of_Micronesia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="760" data-file-height="400"> <a href="/wiki/Federated_States_of_Micronesia" title="Federated States of Micronesia">Micronesia</a> – Federated States of Micronesia
  • <img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Palau.svg/23px-Flag_of_Palau.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Palau.svg/35px-Flag_of_Palau.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Flag_of_Palau.svg/46px-Flag_of_Palau.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="500"> <a href="/wiki/Palau" title="Palau">Palau</a> – Republic of Palau

It also disputes sovereignty over the following territories:

  • <a href="/wiki/Bajo_Nuevo_Bank" title="Bajo Nuevo Bank">Bajo Nuevo Bank</a>
  • <a href="/wiki/Serranilla_Bank" title="Serranilla Bank">Serranilla Bank</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Uruguay.svg/23px-Flag_of_Uruguay.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Uruguay.svg/35px-Flag_of_Uruguay.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Uruguay.svg/45px-Flag_of_Uruguay.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Uruguay" title="Uruguay">Uruguay</a> – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="250"> <a href="/wiki/Uzbekistan" title="Uzbekistan">Uzbekistan</a> – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, <a href="/wiki/Karakalpakstan" title="Karakalpakstan">Karakalpakstan</a>.<a href="#cite_note-autonomous-8">[Note 5]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg/23px-Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg.png" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg/35px-Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg/46px-Flag_of_Vanuatu.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="360"> <a href="/wiki/Vanuatu" title="Vanuatu">Vanuatu</a> – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_the_Vatican_City.svg/16px-Flag_of_the_Vatican_City.svg.png" width="16" height="16" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_the_Vatican_City.svg/24px-Flag_of_the_Vatican_City.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Flag_of_the_Vatican_City.svg/32px-Flag_of_the_Vatican_City.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="500" data-file-height="500">  <a href="/wiki/Vatican_City" title="Vatican City">Vatican City</a> – Vatican City State A <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_observers" title="United Nations General Assembly observers">UN observer state</a> under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agencies</a> and the <a href="/wiki/International_Atomic_Energy_Agency" title="International Atomic Energy Agency">IAEA</a> A None Administered by the <a href="/wiki/Holy_See" title="Holy See">Holy See</a>, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_the_Holy_See" title="International recognition of the Holy See" class="mw-redirect">180 states</a>.<a href="#cite_note-70">[45]</a> The Holy See is a member of the <a href="/wiki/IAEA" title="IAEA" class="mw-redirect">IAEA</a>, <a href="/wiki/ITU" title="ITU" class="mw-redirect">ITU</a>, <a href="/wiki/UPU" title="UPU" class="mw-redirect">UPU</a>, and <a href="/wiki/WIPO" title="WIPO" class="mw-redirect">WIPO</a> and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")<a href="#cite_note-unnms-67">[42]</a> and <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_the_Holy_See#Participation_in_international_organizations" title="Foreign relations of the Holy See">multiple other UN System organizations</a>. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the <a href="/wiki/Pope" title="Pope">Pope</a>, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Flag_of_Venezuela.svg/23px-Flag_of_Venezuela.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Flag_of_Venezuela.svg/35px-Flag_of_Venezuela.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Flag_of_Venezuela.svg/45px-Flag_of_Venezuela.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Venezuela" title="Venezuela">Venezuela</a> – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None Venezuela is a <a href="/wiki/Federation" title="Federation">federation</a> of <a href="/wiki/States_of_Venezuela" title="States of Venezuela">23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/Flag_of_Vietnam.svg/23px-Flag_of_Vietnam.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/Flag_of_Vietnam.svg/35px-Flag_of_Vietnam.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/Flag_of_Vietnam.svg/45px-Flag_of_Vietnam.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Vietnam" title="Vietnam">Vietnam</a> – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Yemen.svg/23px-Flag_of_Yemen.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Yemen.svg/35px-Flag_of_Yemen.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Yemen.svg/45px-Flag_of_Yemen.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="450" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Yemen" title="Yemen">Yemen</a> – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Flag_of_Zambia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Zambia.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Flag_of_Zambia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Zambia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Flag_of_Zambia.svg/45px-Flag_of_Zambia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="2100" data-file-height="1400"> <a href="/wiki/Zambia" title="Zambia">Zambia</a> – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6a/Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg/23px-Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6a/Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg/35px-Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6a/Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg/46px-Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Zimbabwe" title="Zimbabwe">Zimbabwe</a> – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None
ZZZ↑ <a href="/wiki/Member_states_of_the_United_Nations" title="Member states of the United Nations">UN member states</a> and <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_observers" title="United Nations General Assembly observers">observer states</a> ↑ A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Abkhazia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Abkhazia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Abkhazia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Abkhazia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Abkhazia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Abkhazia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Abkhazia" title="Abkhazia">Abkhazia</a> – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_Abkhazia_and_South_Ossetia" title="International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia">Recognised by</a> Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela,<a href="#cite_note-STPETTIMES-71">[46]</a> Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.<a href="#cite_note-ASOTREC-72">[47]</a> Claimed in whole by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> as the <a href="/wiki/Government_of_the_Autonomous_Republic_of_Abkhazia" title="Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia">Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Cook_Islands" title="Cook Islands">Cook Islands</a> D Member of eight <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agencies</a> A None
(See <a href="/wiki/Political_status_of_the_Cook_Islands_and_Niue" title="Political status of the Cook Islands and Niue">political status</a>)
A state in <a href="/wiki/Associated_state" title="Associated state">free association</a> with <a href="#N">New Zealand</a>, the Cook Islands maintains <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_the_Cook_Islands" title="Foreign relations of the Cook Islands">diplomatic relations with 44  states</a>. The Cook Islands is a member of <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">multiple UN agencies</a> with full treaty making capacity.<a href="#cite_note-untreaty1-55">[31]</a> It shares a <a href="/wiki/Monarchy_of_New_Zealand" title="Monarchy of New Zealand">head of state</a> with New Zealand as well as having <a href="/wiki/New_Zealand_nationality_law" title="New Zealand nationality law">shared citizenship</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1f/Flag_of_Kosovo.svg/21px-Flag_of_Kosovo.svg.png" width="21" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1f/Flag_of_Kosovo.svg/32px-Flag_of_Kosovo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1f/Flag_of_Kosovo.svg/42px-Flag_of_Kosovo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="840" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Kosovo" title="Kosovo">Kosovo</a> – Republic of Kosovo D Member of two <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agencies</a> B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> Pursuant to <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_1244" title="United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244">United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244</a>, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_Interim_Administration_Mission_in_Kosovo" title="United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo">United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo</a> in 1999.<a href="#cite_note-73">[48]</a> Kosovo <a href="/wiki/2008_Kosovo_declaration_of_independence" title="2008 Kosovo declaration of independence">declared independence in 2008</a>, and it has <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_Kosovo" title="International recognition of Kosovo">received diplomatic recognition from 108 UN member states</a> and the <a href="/wiki/Republic_of_China" title="Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">Republic of China</a>. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the <a href="/wiki/International_Monetary_Fund" title="International Monetary Fund">International Monetary Fund</a> and the <a href="/wiki/World_Bank_Group" title="World Bank Group">World Bank Group</a>. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in <a href="/wiki/North_Kosovo" title="North Kosovo">North Kosovo</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh.svg/23px-Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh.svg/35px-Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh.svg/46px-Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1080" data-file-height="540"> <a href="/wiki/Nagorno-Karabakh_Republic" title="Nagorno-Karabakh Republic">Nagorno-Karabakh</a> – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic<a href="#cite_note-74">[Note 25]</a> D No membership B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> A de facto independent state,<a href="#cite_note-montevideo-75">[49]</a><a href="#cite_note-76">[50]</a><a href="#cite_note-77">[51]</a> <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Nagorno-Karabakh" title="Foreign relations of Nagorno-Karabakh">recognised only by</a> <a href="/wiki/Abkhazia" title="Abkhazia">Abkhazia</a>,<a href="#cite_note-NKRrecognition-78">[52]</a> <a href="/wiki/South_Ossetia" title="South Ossetia">South Ossetia</a><a href="#cite_note-NKRrecognition-78">[52]</a> and <a href="/wiki/Transnistria" title="Transnistria">Transnistria</a>.<a href="#cite_note-NKRrecognition-78">[52]</a><a href="#cite_note-transgovt-79">[53]</a> Claimed in whole by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a>.<a href="#cite_note-80">[54]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Niue.svg/23px-Flag_of_Niue.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Niue.svg/35px-Flag_of_Niue.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Flag_of_Niue.svg/46px-Flag_of_Niue.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Niue" title="Niue">Niue</a> D Member of five <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agencies</a> A None
(See <a href="/wiki/Political_status_of_the_Cook_Islands_and_Niue" title="Political status of the Cook Islands and Niue">political status</a>)
A state in <a href="/wiki/Associated_state" title="Associated state">free association</a> with <a href="#N">New Zealand</a>, Niue maintains <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Niue" title="Foreign relations of Niue">diplomatic relations with 19  states</a>. Niue is a member of <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">multiple UN agencies</a> with full treaty making capacity.<a href="#cite_note-untreaty1-55">[31]</a> It shares a <a href="/wiki/Monarchy_of_New_Zealand" title="Monarchy of New Zealand">head of state</a> with New Zealand as well as having <a href="/wiki/New_Zealand_nationality_law" title="New Zealand nationality law">shared citizenship</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1e/Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1e/Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1e/Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1026" data-file-height="684"> <a href="/wiki/Northern_Cyprus" title="Northern Cyprus">Northern Cyprus</a> – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership Claimed by <a href="/wiki/Cyprus" title="Cyprus">Cyprus</a> <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Northern_Cyprus" title="Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus">Recognised only by</a> <a href="#Turkey">Turkey</a>. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the <a href="/wiki/Organisation_of_Islamic_Cooperation" title="Organisation of Islamic Cooperation">Organisation of Islamic Cooperation</a> and the <a href="/wiki/Economic_Cooperation_Organization" title="Economic Cooperation Organization">Economic Cooperation Organization</a>. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a>.<a href="#cite_note-81">[55]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Flag_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Flag_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Flag_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic" title="Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic">Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic</a> D No membership B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> Recognised at some stage by <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_the_Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic" title="International recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic">84 UN member states</a>, 37 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the <a href="/wiki/African_Union" title="African Union">African Union</a> and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 <a href="/wiki/Asian-African_Conference" title="Asian-African Conference" class="mw-redirect">Asian-African Conference</a>. The territories under its control, the so-called <a href="/wiki/Free_Zone_(region)" title="Free Zone (region)">Free Zone</a>, are claimed in whole by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> as part of its <a href="/wiki/Southern_Provinces" title="Southern Provinces">Southern Provinces</a>. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of <a href="/wiki/Western_Sahara" title="Western Sahara">Western Sahara</a> to the west of the <a href="/wiki/Wall_(Western_Sahara)" title="Wall (Western Sahara)" class="mw-redirect">Moroccan Wall</a> controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in <a href="/wiki/Tindouf" title="Tindouf">Tindouf</a>, <a href="#Algeria">Algeria</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Flag_of_Somaliland.svg/23px-Flag_of_Somaliland.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Flag_of_Somaliland.svg/35px-Flag_of_Somaliland.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Flag_of_Somaliland.svg/46px-Flag_of_Somaliland.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Somaliland" title="Somaliland">Somaliland</a> – Republic of Somaliland D No membership B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> A de facto independent state,<a href="#cite_note-montevideo-75">[49]</a><a href="#cite_note-82">[56]</a><a href="#cite_note-83">[57]</a><a href="#cite_note-84">[58]</a><a href="#cite_note-85">[59]</a> <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Somaliland" title="Foreign relations of Somaliland">not diplomatically recognised by</a> any other state, claimed in whole by the <a href="#Somalia">Federal Republic of Somalia</a>.<a href="#cite_note-86">[60]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/Flag_of_South_Ossetia.svg/23px-Flag_of_South_Ossetia.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/Flag_of_South_Ossetia.svg/35px-Flag_of_South_Ossetia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/Flag_of_South_Ossetia.svg/46px-Flag_of_South_Ossetia.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/South_Ossetia" title="South Ossetia">South Ossetia</a> – Republic of South Ossetia D No membership B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> A de facto independent state,<a href="#cite_note-87">[61]</a> <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_Abkhazia_and_South_Ossetia" title="International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia">recognised by</a> Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,<a href="#cite_note-STPETTIMES-71">[46]</a> Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Transnistria.<a href="#cite_note-ASOTREC-72">[47]</a> Claimed in whole by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> as the <a href="/wiki/Provisional_Administrative_Entity_of_South_Ossetia" title="Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia" class="mw-redirect">Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia</a>.<a href="#cite_note-cnnAbSO-88">[62]</a>
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/72/Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg.png" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/72/Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/72/Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> <a href="/wiki/Taiwan" title="Taiwan">Taiwan</a> – Republic of China<a href="#cite_note-ChinaTaiwan-19">[Note 10]</a> D<a href="/wiki/China_and_the_United_Nations" title="China and the United Nations">Former UN member</a> (as Republic of China, 1945-1971) Observer in one <a href="/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations" title="List of specialized agencies of the United Nations">UN specialized agency</a> under the name "<a href="/wiki/Chinese_Taipei" title="Chinese Taipei">Chinese Taipei</a>" B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> A state competing for recognition with the <a href="/wiki/People%27s_Republic_of_China" title="People's Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">People's Republic of China</a> as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of <a href="/wiki/Taiwan" title="Taiwan">Taiwan</a> and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the <a href="/wiki/Spratly_Islands" title="Spratly Islands">Spratly Islands</a>,<a href="#cite_note-Spratly-89">[Note 26]</a> and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the <a href="/wiki/Mainland_China" title="Mainland China">mainland</a>.<a href="#cite_note-90">[63]</a> The Republic of China is recognised by <a href="/wiki/International_recognition_of_the_Republic_of_China" title="International recognition of the Republic of China" class="mw-redirect">21</a> UN member states and the Holy See as of 2013. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.<a href="#cite_note-TAI2-21">[Note 12]</a> The Republic of China <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Taiwan#Relation_with_International_organizations" title="Foreign relations of Taiwan">participates in international organizations</a> under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "<a href="/wiki/Chinese_Taipei" title="Chinese Taipei">Chinese Taipei</a>" and in the <a href="/wiki/World_Trade_Organization" title="World Trade Organization">WTO</a> it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council" title="United Nations Security Council">security council</a>. See <a href="/wiki/China_and_the_United_Nations" title="China and the United Nations">China and the United Nations</a>.
<img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Transnistria_%28state%29.svg/23px-Flag_of_Transnistria_%28state%29.svg.png" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Transnistria_%28state%29.svg/35px-Flag_of_Transnistria_%28state%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Transnistria_%28state%29.svg/46px-Flag_of_Transnistria_%28state%29.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="600" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Transnistria" title="Transnistria">Transnistria</a> – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D No membership B Claimed by <a href="#Georgia">Georgia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_North">North Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Serbia">Serbia</a> Claimed by <a href="#Somalia">Somalia</a> Claimed by the <a href="#China">People's Republic of China</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Taiwan">Republic of China</a> Claimed by <a href="#Korea_South">South Korea</a> Claimed by <a href="#Azerbaijan">Azerbaijan</a> Claimed by the <a href="#Cyprus">Republic of Cyprus</a> Disputed by <a href="#Israel">Israel</a> Claimed by <a href="#Morocco">Morocco</a> Claimed by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> Claimed by <a href="#Mali">Mali</a> A de facto independent state,<a href="#cite_note-montevideo-75">[49]</a> <a href="/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Transnistria" title="Foreign relations of Transnistria">recognised only by</a> Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and South Ossetia.<a href="#cite_note-ASOTREC-72">[47]</a> Claimed in whole by <a href="#Moldova">Moldova</a> as the <a href="/wiki/Transnistria_autonomous_territorial_unit_with_special_legal_status" title="Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status">Transnistria autonomous territorial unit</a>.<a href="#cite_note-91">[64]</a>
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
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